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Interventions with GroupsPsychiatric Nursing: Contemporary Practice

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What are the general treatment goals of group interventions (3)?
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Develop self understanding, conquer unwanted thoughts or feelings, and change behaviors.
A group of two people who are usually related is referred to as a __________.
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Dyad
A group of three people who may or may not be related is referred to as a ________.
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Triad
What are the characteristics of an open group?
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New members may join and old members may leave between sessions
What are the characteristics of closed group?
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Members begin the group at one time and no new members are admitted. If one member leaves, no replacement joins.
What are the advantages of an open group?
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Participants can join at any time and stay for as long as they need. They can function on an ongoing basis and be available to more people than closed groups.
What are the disadvantages of an open group?
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New members are at a disadvantage because the other members already know each other and have established relationships.
What are the advantages of a closed group?
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Members get to know each other at the same time, the group is more cohesive, members move through the group process concurrently.
What are the disadvantages of a closed group?
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Implementation is difficult because an agreeable time must be found for all members.
What is the ideal group size for a small group?
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Seven or eight people in addition to the leader(s).
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What group size is best for treating issues related to sexual abuse, trauma or eating disorders?
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Small groups
What group size is best for people with special learning needs?
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Small groups
What group size is best for treating issues related to smoking?
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Large
What theorist describes group development in terms of orientation (identifying the problem), evaluation (identifying the feelings), and control (what to do about the problem)?
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Robert Bales
What theorist describes group development in terms of Inclusion (belonging, being in and out of the group), control (issues of authority, dependence and autonomy), and affection (intimacy, closeness, caring, dislike and distancing issues)?
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William Schutz
What theorist describes group development in the four phases of forming, storming (conflict), norming (group rules) and performing?
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Bruce Tuckman
What behavior characterizes the beginning stages of group development?
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Honeymoon behaviors including congenial, polite behaviors, intellectualizing of problems, use of abstract thinking and generalizations.
What is thought to be necessary for a group to move from the beginning stage to the working stage?
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Conflict?conflict is a normal part of group development.
What stage of group development does the group personality begin to emerge?
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The working phase
During the ______ stage of group development, ideas are shared, closeness develops, rules and rituals are developed and the leader often needs to remind members when it is time to stop?
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Working
  
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