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Interventions with GroupsPsychiatric Nursing: Contemporary Practice

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Question Answer
_________ is an individual role within a group that speaks for a group that represents personal prejudices or biases (like a political party).
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Special interest pleader
What technique may be useful in identifying an interaction pattern within a group?
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Asking a colleague to observe and record the content and interaction (a sociometric diagram).
Group _______ are the collective conceptual underpinnings of a group and express the members' underlying concerns or feelings, regardless of the group's purpose.
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Group themes
Someone arrives to group in an obvious state of distress which can impact a group dynamic. What ways can a group leader handle the situation?
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If the group was developed to deal with emotions, the leader can ask the person to describe their problem at the beginning of the session. If the group's purpose is inconsistent with discussing the problem, acknowledging their distress and offering a private session after group is acceptable.
Group ______ is defined as the forces that act on the members to stay in a group.
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Group cohesion
How can leaders encourage group cohesion?
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By placing participants in situations that promote social interactions with minimal supervision (like snack breaks) or through team-building exercises.
What is especially important to develop in groups that focus on weight loss and/or health maintenance behaviors?
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Cohesion-it helps encourage participation and decrease drop-out rates.
What can be a negative to strong cohesion within a group?
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Strong cohesion can result in transgression of personal boundaries and the development of dysfunctional relationships.
What is groupthink?
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The tendency of groups to avoid conflict and adopt a normative pattern of thinking that is consistent with the group leader, overriding motivation to realistically appraise alternative courses of action.
What are factors that can lead to groupthink?
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Closed leadership style and an external threat (like time pressure).
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A leadership technique that involves giving feedback that provides a climate of emotional support is referred to as _________.
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Support
A leadership technique that involves challenging a participant in a supportive way in order to deal with disruptive behavior, help them learn something about themselves or help members deal more openly and directly with one another is called _________.
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Confrontation
A leadership technique that involves sharing expertise and knowledge that the members don't have in order to help focus the group's tasks and goals is called _________.
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Advice and suggestions
A leadership technique that involves providing statements at the end of a session that highlight the session's discussions, any problem resolution, and unresolved problems in order to provide continuity, clarify/focus group themes, and clarify patterns of interaction is called ____________.
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Summarizing
A leadership technique that involves restatement of an interaction is called ________.
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Clarification (i.e. what I heard you say is that you feel very angry about this, is that right?)
A leadership technique that involves asking for more information to encourage members to explore their ideas in greater detail is referred to as _____________.
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Probing and questioning
A leadership technique that involves a simple act of repeating what was just said in order to facilitate communication among group members is referred to as ___________.
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Repeating, paraphrasing, highlighting (i.e. This sucks! This sucks?
A leadership technique that involves identifying feelings that are being expressed to orient members to the feelings that may lie behind what was said or done is called _______.
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Reflecting feelings (i.e. you sound upset?)
A leadership technique that involves indentifying behaviors that are occurring to help participants see how their behavior appears to others and their responses to them in order to give them an opportunity to evaluate the consequences is called __________.
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Reflecting behavior (i.e. I noticed when we discussed sex you started looking down and bouncing your leg)
How should a leader handle a group member that seeks the leader's attention or asks for special favors?
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Avoid showing preference for one member over another, discourage the behavior because it can be divisive to the group.
What are the rules regarding starting and stopping group?
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Always start and stop on time, never wait for members to arrive or leave.
  
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