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Toddler DevelopmentMaternity and Pediatric Nursing

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Question Answer
What dietary deficiencies are vegan toddlers at a higher risk for?
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Deficiencies in Vitamin D, B12 and iron
During the toddler period, juice should be limited to ______ oz. a day and milk should be limited to ______ oz. day.
Show Answer
Juice: 4-6 oz. Milk: 16-24 oz.
What is physiologic anorexia?
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A phenomenon where toddlers experience a decrease in appetite because they simply don't require as much food intake for their size as they did in infancy.
In children younger than 3, what is the greatest risk factor for the development of obesity?
Show Answer
Having an overweight/obese parent
How many hours of daily sleep are required during the following ages? 18 months 24 months 36 months
Show Answer
18 months-13.5 hours of sleep a day 24 months-13 hours 36 months-12
Fluorsis is most likely to occur during the toddler years. What are foods that contain fluoride?
Show Answer
Ready to eat infant chicken, white or purple grape juice, processed foods and cereals that were manufactured with fluoride containing water.
What are the most common causes of injuries suffered by toddlers?
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Motor vehicle accidents, drowning, choking, burning, falls, and poisoning.
By _______ of age, a toddler should have a full set of primary teeth.
Show Answer
30 months (just under three)
At what age should a child begin having regular dental exams?
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Starting at age 1
At what age do children have the physical and mental ability to learn how to swim?
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Age 4
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What is the leading cause of unintentional injury and death in the US for children aged 1-2?
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Drowning
It is estimated that ____% of toddler burns are preventable.
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75%
Why do children under the age of 2 have a higher mortality rate from accidental burns?
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They have greater central body surface area that is concentrated in the head and trunk as compared to an older child. They also have greater fluid volume and less effective cardiovascular responses to fluid volume shifts.
In childhood, a partial-thickness burn is considered a major burn if it involves more than ____% of body surface.
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25%
In childhood, a full thickness burn is considered major if it involves more than ______% of body surface.
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10%
The rules of nines cannot be used to assess the severity of a burn for children. What is a more appropriate assessment tool?
Show Answer
The Lund-Browder chart. It takes into account the changing proportions of a child.
What is the most common type of thermal (burn) injury experienced by toddlers?
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Scalding injuries from pulling on pots of hot liquids.
Most poisonings occur under the age of _______, with a peak at age ______.
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Occurs under the age of 6, with a peak at 2.
What is the most common reason for childhood poisoning?
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Improper storage of a poison
During hospitalization, what is the greatest threat to a toddler's emotional and psychological integrity?
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Enforced separation from parents (provide security objects like a blanket or stuffed animal if possible)
How can toddlers be given a chance to gain a sense of mastery?
Show Answer
Offer realistic choices and allow them to decide an outcome when possible
  
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