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History of Nursing ResearchFoundations of Nursing Reasearch-5th ed.

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What are two questions a nurse should ask when assessing the value of an intervention from a research perspective?
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1. Am I performing this intervention because someone told me to or because this intervention has always ben done? 2. What evidence exists that this is the most effective intervention for this problem?
The systematic, objective process of analyzing phenomenon of importance to nursing is the definition of...
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Nursing research
What aspects of nursing studies are included under the umbrella of "nursing research?"
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Studies concerning nursing practice, nursing education, and nursing administration.
What areas of study are under the umbrella of "nursing research?"
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Studies concerning nursing practice, nursing education, nursing administration and studies concerning nurses themselves.
Nursing research that involves clients or studies that have the potential for affecting the care of clients, including animal studies and studies on healthy participants is referred to as...
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Clinical nursing research
What is the major difference between nursing research and clinical nursing research?
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Nursing research involves an impact on a nurse, her environment, or practice. Nursing clinical research involves impact on a client/patient.
How is clinical nursing research different from the medical model of research?
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Clinical nursing research focuses heavily on prevention, symptom management and client behavior modification. The medical model is focused on treatment and testing.
What have been the four sources of nursing knowledge?
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Traditional knowledge (passed down), authoritative knowledge (looking to a doctor for answers, or experts in the condition), Trial and Error and Scientific research (the most reliable).
Data gathered by the sense organs is referred to as...
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Empirical data
What are the three main traditional characteristics of scientific research?
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It uses systematic, orderly and objective means of data collection.
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Attempting to seek a solution for a person or persons in a given setting is the definition of...
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Problem solving
Seeking knowledge that can be generalized to people in many settings is the definition of...
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Scientific research
Determining the best method of teaching a patient how to use an insulin pump is an example of _____________.
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Problem solving
Determining the best approach to teach blind people how to use an insulin pump is an example of the the focus of _____________.
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Scientific research (very broad, whereas problem solving is very specific)
__________ research is concerned with generating new knowledge.
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Basic
___________ research is concerned with using knowledge to solve immediate problems.
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Applied
Basic research is also referred to as __________ research.
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Pure
What are the 4 major goals of basic research?
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To develop, test, and refine theories and generate new knowledge. "Knowledge for knowledge's sake."
Basic research often uses _______ as subjects.
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Laboratory animals
What is the major difference between basic and applied research when it comes to the application of the knowledge gained?
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Knowledge gained from basic research generally takes years to be put into practice. Knowledge gained from applied research is applied in the near future.
  
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