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History of Nursing ResearchFoundations of Nursing Reasearch-5th ed.

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What is the major difference between basic and applied research when it comes to the application of the knowledge gained?
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Knowledge gained from basic research generally takes years to be put into practice. Knowledge gained from applied research is applied in the near future.
Nursing research most commonly occurs in the form of ______ research (applied or basic?).
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Applied
The distinction between applied and basic research can be unclear at times. The best indicator of the type of research being conducted is the amount of ___________ provided.
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Financial support. Basic research implies the researcher is provided support to work on a particular project without having to prove immediate usefulness.
Which type of nursing research is most likely to get funding? Applied or basic?
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Applied, although nurses still have to search for funding.
What organization has the most money available for research?
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The federal government
Where does the largest amount of government funding for nursing research come from?
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The National Institute for Nursing Research.
Aside from the government, where does nursing research funding come from? (3 responses)
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Private foundations, corporations, and professional organizations like the Sigma Theta Tau Honor Society for Nursing.
What are the 4 major goals of nursing research?
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1-promote evidence based nursing practice 2-ensure credibility of the nursing profession 3-provide accountability for nursing practice 4-document the cost effectiveness of nursing care
What is the major reason for conducting nursing research?
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To allow for the best care for clients/patients
___________ nursing means that nurses make decisions based on the best available evidence coupled with their own expertise and the health care preferences of the client
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Evidence based nursing practice
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How does nursing research ensure credibility for the nursing as a profession?
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One of the criterion of a profession is that it has it's own unique body of knowledge that is different and distinct from other disciplines. Nursing traditionally has borrowed knowledge from other disciplines. By developing a knowledge base specific to nursing, nursing can be more clearly identified as a profession and not a vocation.
What are the major responsibilities of a nurse to provide personal accountability?
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Have a sound rationale for interventions performed and keeping their knowledge base current by following research trends and outcomes.
What is the best resource for a nurse to remain current in his/her field?
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Research literature
What does "classic study" mean?
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That the body of research has been cited many times.
________ research is concerned with objectivity, tight supervision and control over the research situation and the ability to generalize findings.
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Quantitative (directly measurable research)
_________ research is concerned with the subjective meaning of an experience to an indvidual.
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Qualitative
An example of _________ research is research concerned with the level of pain a client is experiencing. (Qualitative or Quantitative)
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Quantitative
An example of _________ research is research concerned with the impact of living with chronic pain. (Qualitative or Quantitative)
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Qualitative
What is outcomes research?
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Research focused on measurable outcomes of interventions with certain patient populations.
What should a nurse prepared at a baccalaureate level be able to do with respect to nursing research? (7)
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-be able to read research critically -determine if research results are ready to be used in clinical practice -be able to identify clinical problems that require further investigation -be able to assist investigators in accessing clinical sites -should help select appropriate data collection methods -should be able to collect data -be able to implement research findings in practice
What are some of the roles a nurse can assume with relation to research projects? (7)
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1. Principal investigator 2. Member of a research team 3. Identifier of researchable problems 4. Evaluator of research findings 5. User of research findings 6. Patient/client advocate during studies 7. Subject/participant in studies
  
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