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Ethics of Nursing ResearchFoundations of Nursing Research

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If a research subject can be linked in some way to the data they generate, a researcher has the obligation to address ____________.
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Confidentiality
________________ involves the protection of a subject's identity by the researcher.
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Confidentiality
How does a researcher protect a participant's identity?
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Data is coded and subject's names and code numbers are kept in separate locations that are only accessible by a researcher and their team. Master lists are destroyed at the study's end. Descriptions of participants are generalized as well as the description of the site where the research is performed.
Oral informed consent is acceptable, but only when...
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witnessed by a third party.
What is a nurse researcher's responsibility as a patient advocate?
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To protect the privacy and dignity of the individual and to protect them from harm, including physical or psychological harm
__________ are research studies conducted to evaluate new treatments, drugs, and new or improved medical equipment.
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Clinical trials
What is the purpose of medical trials?
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To answer questions about how to control or cure diseases.
The Partnership for Human Research Protection is a collaborative effort of the _________ and the ________ that has published a brochure entitled, "What you should know about research studies."
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Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (JCHAO) and the National Committee for Quality Assurance (NCQA).
Which groups of people are considered particularly vulnerable research subjects?
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Children, geriatric clients, prisoners, clients with AIDS, the homeless and unconscious or sedated people.
At what age is both parental consent and a child's consent required in order for the child to participate in a research study?
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Seven
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_______means that an underage child or adolescent freely chooses to participate in a study.
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Assent
What are some indicators that a published study was ethically conducted?
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Permission was obtained by an IRB or if the study was funded
What are the guidelines for critiquing the ethical aspects of a study? (8)
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1-Was the study approved by an Institutional Review Board? 2-Was informed consent obtained from the subjects? 3-Is there information aout provisions for anonymity or confidentiality? 4-Were vulnerable subjects used? 5-Does it appear the subjects were coerced into acting as subjects 6-Is it evident that the benefits of participation in the study outweighed the risks involved? 7-Were subjects provided the opportunity to ask questions about the study and told how to contact the researcher if
  
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