Campus Collusion
Review Questions for Test Preparation



Pediatric GI DisordersMaternity & Pediatric Nursing

Review Online for Free
Lies about Study Techniques: Believe them at your own risk.

Page 10
Skip Navigation Links
Question Answer
________ hepatitis impacts mostly adolescent females and is characterized by hepatosplenomegaly, jaundice, fever, fatigue and right upper quadrant pain.
Show Answer
How is acute hepatitis treated?
Show Answer
Rest, hydration and nutrition
What classes of medications may be used to treat autoimmune hepatitis?
Show Answer
Corticosteroids and immunosuppresants
_______ hepatitis is treated aggressively and requires NPO status, NG tube placement and administration of lactulose to decrease ammonia levels that lead to encephalopathy, TPN and vitamin K injections (for coagulation). Eventually a liver transplant will be needed.
Show Answer
What are the risk factors for hepatitis?
Show Answer
Foreign travel, sick contacts, medication use, abdominal trauma, sexual activity, IV drug use, blood product transfusion
What GI Disorder? The foregut fails to lengthen, separate, and fuse into two paralled tubes (Esophagus and trachea) during fetal development. Instead the esophagus may end in blind pouch.
Show Answer
Esophageal atresia
What GI disorder? Develops as a pouch connected to the trachea by a fistula
Show Answer
Tracheoesophageal fistula
What are the signs/symptoms of esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula?
Show Answer
Excessive salivation, Drooling, Cyanosis, Choking, coughing, Sneezing, during glucose feeding the infant returns fluid through the nose and mouth (risk for aspiration). Can be detected via ultrasound, but if not caught in advance, this child will choke and cough from the very first feeding
What are the priorities for a patient with esophageal atresia or tracheoesophageal fistula?
Show Answer
Surgery (emergency) Maintenance of patent airway Prevention of pneumonia
Children with pyloric stenosis are at risk for aspiration which could lead to what complications?
Show Answer
Pneumonia, Reactive airway disease, Color changes during feeding, Apnea or hematemesis
Download these questions to your phone here
What are common findings in the labs of children with pyloric stenosis?
Show Answer
Will indicate decreased sodium, potassium, chloride Increased in pH and bicarbonate indicates metabolic alkalosis
Post-operatively for pyloric stenosis, when can a child resume oral intake?
Show Answer
Feedings are begun 4 to 6 hours post op beginning with small frequent feedings of glucose, water or electrolyte solution. After 24 hours formula can be started
Congenital malformations in which intraabdominal contents herniate through the umbilical cord. Results when the abdominal contents such as intestines and liver fail to return to the abdomen when the abdominal wall begins to close by the tenth week of gestation....
Show Answer
The bowel herniates through a defect in the abdominal wall to the right of the umbilical cord and through the rectus muscle. No membrane covering the exposed bowel...
Show Answer
How is the exposed bowel from Gastroschisis protected prior to correction?
Show Answer
The exposed bowel is loosely covered in saline-soaked pads and the abdomen is wrapped in plastic drape or bowel bag. Silo placement
What position should an infant with a gastroschisis or omphalocele be positioned in order to protect the outpouching of intestinal contents?
Show Answer
Infant should be placed in a right lateral decubitus position to enhance venous blood return from the gut and decrease the risk for compression of mesenteric vasculature.
Once identified, infants with omphalocele or gastroschisis are operated on within _______.
Show Answer
24 hours.
Why is a child with an omphalocele or gastroschisis given an NG tube?
Show Answer
For bowel decompression
Hepatitis A is spread by ______route. Hepatitis B is spread by ________ Hepatitis C is spread by __________ Hepatitis D occurs in children with ________. Hepatitis E is spread by _______or ___________.
Show Answer
Hepatitis A is spread by fecal-oral route. Hepatitis B is spread by body fluids Hepatitis C is spread by blood or blood products Hepatitis D occurs in children with Hepatitis B. Hepatitis E fecal-oral route or contaminated water.
_______ is an inflammation of the stomach and intestines. It is characterized by nausea, vomiting, anorexia, abdominal distention and diarrhea.
Show Answer
T/F Children suffering from dehydration should be placed on the BRAT diet to maintain nutrition. (Bananas, Rice, Applesauce, Toast)
Show Answer is low in nutrition, high in carbs and low in electrolytes
Page 10 Skip Navigation Links
Not what your looking for, continue searching

Skip Navigation Links