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Qualitative vs. Quantitative ResearchFoundations of Nursing Reasearch-5th ed.

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Where does a qualitative researcher typically approach people to participate in their research?
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At their place of employment or where they live
What are "key informants?"
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They are people who are key people in the area of interest that may be able to help the researcher get in touch with other desired participants. (Note: key informants is a term used with the ethnographic design of qualitative research)
In which type of research, qualitative or quantitative, can ethical issues be more important?
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Qualitative because the researcher interacts very closely with the participants.
T/F? Anonymity is a strong consideration when performing qualitative research.
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False. The researcher knows the identity (and interacts closely with) the participants. Confidentiality is very important.
In what ways can a qualitative researcher protect confidentiality of research participants?
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The researcher may have to omit demographic information like age, educational level and occupation from the research report.
What is the most common data collection method for qualitative researchers?
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Interviews
___________ are a method of data collection that involve face to face encounters or telephone calls.
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Interviews
___________ involves the direct observation and recording of information and require that the researcher become part of the setting in which the subject of interest is involved.
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Participant observation
Aside from interviews and participant observations, what are other common methods of data collection utilized by qualitative researchers?
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Open-ended questionnaires, life histories, diaries, personal collections of letters and photographs, and official documents
What type of qualitative research design allows for data collection until saturation is achieved?
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Grounded theory methodology
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A _________ consists of a small group of individuals meeting together and being asked questions by a moderator about a certain topic or topics.
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Focus group
What is the advantage of a focus group?
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It is a time-saver compared to conducting individual interviews.
What are disadvantages to focus groups?
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There may not be equal participation from all the members and/or some people may be reluctant to express their views to others.
What are the "cornerstones" of a successful focus group?
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Well defined purpose, carefully planned environment, and well-trained personnel
Repeatability of scientific observations and sources that could influence stability and consistency of those observations is a qualitative research definition of...
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Reliability
Findings of a qualitative study that reflect reality and has data that is accurately interpreted is said to be...
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Valid
Why are qualitative studies generally not replicated?
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Because knowledge of the findings of one study could bias the results of the other study
How does qualitative research gain reliability and validity?
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Data is collected over a longer period and until no new information is identified. Multiple sources of data are frequently used. The large amounts of data over a significant length of time lends to credibility.
When does data analysis in a qualitative study begin?
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As soon as data collection begins.
___________ involves creating categories of data and developing rules for coding data into those categories.
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Content analysis
Grounded theory was developed from what discipline?
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Sociology
  
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