Campus Collusion
Review Questions for Test Preparation

       
    

  



Visual and Auditory SystemsMedical-Surgical Nursing-7th edition

Review Online for Free
Lies about Study Techniques: Believe them at your own risk.
www.NursingInAFlash.com

Page 6
Skip Navigation Links
Question Answer
You read in a patient's chart: Visual Acuity FC/ 2ft. OU. What does this mean?
Show Answer
The patient could only count the nurse's fingers (FC=finger count) at the distance of 2 ft. or closer for both eyes (OU).
You read a patient's chart and it reads: Visual Acuity HM OU. What does it mean?
Show Answer
The patient could only indicate sensing a moving hand (HM=Hand Movement) when it was waved in front of their face for both eyes (OU).
When should a nurse test Near acuity as well as Visual acuity?
Show Answer
When the client complains of near vision problems or if they are over the age of 40.
How far away is a Jaeger chart held away from the patient?
Show Answer
14 inches
What is a normal finding for Near Acuity testing?
Show Answer
J1, which means the client can read 4 pt. font at 14 inches.
What does a J10 Near Acuity mean?
Show Answer
The client can read 14 pt. font at 14 inches/moderately impaired near vision.
If you don't have a Jaeger chart but need to assess near vision, how could you do it?
Show Answer
Hand them a newspaper and measure the distance from their eyes for them to comfortably read it. It would be documented as, Reads newspaper headline at ____ inches/cm.
How is extraocular muscle function evaluated? (2)
Show Answer
Darken the room, shine a light directly on the cornea. It should be reflected in the same place in both eyes (the center). To test movement, hold your finger about 10-12 inches away from their nose and have the client follow it through the 6 cardinal positions.
Having a client track your finger through the six cardinal positions can indicate paralysis/weakness of what cranial nerves?
Show Answer
CN III (oculomotor) CN IV (trochlear) CN VI (abducens)
What is anisocoria?
Show Answer
Unequal pupil size, in a small percentage of the population this is a normal finding (usually it's not normal).
Download these questions to your phone here
How is pupil function tested?
Show Answer
Shining a light in a client's eyes and looking for a reaction to light that is equal in size, round and brisk both directly and consensually (one reacts, so does the other).
PERRLA/PERLA means...
Show Answer
Pupils Equal, Round, Reactive to Light and Accommodating
What does a Tono-pen measure?
Show Answer
Intraocular pressure
How is intraocular pressure usually measured?
Show Answer
The cornea is anesthetized and touched lightly with a Tono-pen several times to get several measurements.
What is a normal intraocular pressure measurement?
Show Answer
10-22 mm Hg
The structures that constitute the visual system can be assessed primarily through __________.
Show Answer
Inspection
What eye structures can be visually assessed through the cornea and pupil openings?
Show Answer
Iris, lens, vitreous, retina and optic nerve
You are assessing an infant's sclera and notice there is a slightly bluish cast to it. You know this means...
Show Answer
Nothing, this is a normal finding in infants (they have naturally thin sclerae).
You are assessing an older adult's sclera and notice a slightly bluish cast. You know that this means...
Show Answer
Nothing, scleral thinning is a common event in older adulthood.
You are assessing an older adult's sclera and notice it is yellowish. You know this is caused by...
Show Answer
Lipid deposits and is a normal finding
You are assessing an African American man in his twenties and notice while observing his sclera that it is slightly yellow. You know that...
Show Answer
For African Americans and Native Americans this is a normal finding.
  
Page 6 Skip Navigation Links
Not what your looking for, continue searching

    
Skip Navigation Links