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Visual and Auditory SystemsMedical-Surgical Nursing-7th edition

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You are assessing an African American man in his twenties and notice while observing his sclera that it is slightly yellow. You know that...
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For African Americans and Native Americans this is a normal finding.
What is a normal finding for a visual inspection of the cornea?
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It should be clear, shiny and transparent. No blood (duh!) or discharge.
What is a normal finding for the optic disc/nerve?
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Creamy yellow with distinct margins, although there may be some blurring nearing the nasal margin (side closest to the nose). An indentation called the physiologic cup should be no more that 1/2 the diameter of the disc.
The background of the retina is referred to as the _______.
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Fundus
You are looking at the retinal fundus and see small dots and areas that look like flames. You know these are...
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Hemorrhages and they can be associated with hypertension or diabetes.
The ________ test is a tool used to detect color blindness.
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Ishihara
Older adults tend to lose color discrimination at the _______ end of the color spectrum and loss of sensitivity to the entire color spectrum, particularly when _______ are present.
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Blue end Cataracts
___________ vision allows a patient to see objects in three dimensions.
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Stereoscopic
Any event that causes a patient to have monocular vision (seeing out of one eye) results in the loss of ________ vision.
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Stereoscopic
A doctor tells you a client is positive for stereopsis. You know this means...
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That they can see out of both eyes...(binocular vision) what a booger to use big words!
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A client has to wear a patch for several weeks after undergoing eye surgery. You know that their ability to judge ________ will be impaired.
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Distances/depth perception. Can result in difficulty walking/driving, etc.
A client complains that their eye feels like something is stuck in there. What are some conditions that could cause this sensation?
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Corneal erosion or abrasions, trauma, wearing contact lenses, or something really is stuck in there (foreign body)
A client comes in and complains that the light is killing their eyes. What ocular conditions do you suspect?
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Inflammation/infection of the cornea, or inflammation/infection of the uveal tract (iris/ciliary body)
A client complains of a deep, throbbing and severe pain in their eye. They are also extremely nauseous and report throwing up at home. You suspect...
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Acute glaucoma
A client complains of a deep, throbbing, severe pain in their eye. You suspect what ocular conditions?
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Anterior uveitis, acute glaucoma (usually nausea/vomiting with this one), or infection.
A client comes in complaining of blurred vision. You tell them several ocular conditions need to be investigated, including...
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Refractive errors, corneal opacities, cataracts, migraine aura, and retinal changes (detachment, degeneration, etc.)
A client comes in and says they see spider webs in their field of vision. You tell them this is caused by...
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Most commonly, vitreous liquefaction (age related). Sometimes caused by retinal holes, tears or hemorrhage into the vitreous.
A client comes in complaining of double vision. You know this is caused by an abnormality in extraocular muscles related to ____________ pathology.
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Muscle or Cranial Nerve
Hordeolum is another word for what eye condition?
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A sty (superficial white nodule/infection of a sebaceous gland of the eyelid)
What organism is the most likely culprit for development of a sty/hordeolum?
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Staphylococcus aureus
Blepharitis is often a chronic, bacterial infection of the _________. It produces redness, crusting and swelling.
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Eyelid
  
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