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What happens in atelectasis?
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The lungs collapses causing incomplete expansion of the alveoli. That part of the lung becomes non-functional.
Atelectasis is an indication of ...
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a disease state, it isn't a condition on it's own, it's a symptom.
What are signs and symptoms of a closed pneumothorax?
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SOA; no lung sounds on affected side; anxiety; unconscious (maybe); and cyanosis.
In a ventilation problem _______ is coming to the area there's no _______ because of a problem with the _______.
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blood; oxygen; lungs
High V/Q ratio = _______ problem ...
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perfusion
What are signs and symptoms of Respiratory Distress Syndrome (RDS)?
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Tachynpnea; expiratory grunting, nasal flaring and dusky skin.
_______ can produce ADH from the lung. It's rapidly growing, rapidly metastasizes. Poor prognosis.
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Small cell/oat cell carcinoma.
_______ gene is present in 90% of people with small/oat cell carcinoma?
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A mutated P53 tumor suppressor gene.
What are common signs and symptoms of a pulmonary embolism?
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Dyspnea, tachypnea, V/Q mismatch (Increased ratio), chest pain, cough, apprehension, diaphoresis, crackles, low grade fever, signs and symptoms of RHF (systemic edema).
In a perfusion problem, blood is _______, usually by a _______ .
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Occluded, pulmonary embolism
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What are signs and symptoms of a tension pneumothorax?
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Life threatening, no breath sounds, tracheal deviations, SOA, anxious, cyanosis, and may be unconscious.
How is a closed pneumothorax treated?
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Chest tube to re-exert; (-) pressure
The presence of air or gas in the pleural space that leads to lung collapse...
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Pneumothorax (loss of (-) pressure)
What are the underlying causes of pulmonary edema?
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Increased LV systolic or diastolic dysfunction; LV overload; and LV outflow obstruction.
What is a spontaneous pneumothorax?
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Closed; occurs in healthy young men; and visceral layer
What is bronchopulmonary dysplasia?
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Lungs don't expand or contract due to remodeling of vessels. (RHF)
What causes a closed pneumothorax?
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Barotrauma; connective tissue diseases
What is a closed pneumothorax?
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The parietal is intact but the visceral pleura is disrupted. Essentially a separation of the wall layers.
What structures are affected by CF?
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Pancreas; respiratory tract; sweat and salivary glands; intestines; and liver.
50% of metastatic carcinomas arise from the _______ .
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lungs
Hyperventilation triggers respiratory _______ and that can lead to seizures.
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Alkalosis
  
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