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Respiratory SystemMedical Surgical Nursing

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Hyperventilation triggers respiratory _______ and that can lead to seizures.
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Alkalosis
If a patient has hypoxemia, they'll have _______ also.
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hypoxia
What is the pathology of emphysema?
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Loss of elastic recoil and expiration speed leads to not enough elasticity to push air up and out which leads to increased air in lungs, decreased mucus production and alveoli cannot push air out.
_______ happen in people that have hypoxia in the brain due to decreased brain stem functioning.
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Cheyne-Stokes respirations (*normal process to death)
Leaning over, gasping, and sweating are all signs and symptoms of ...
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labored/obstructed breathing.
Hyperpnea
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Kussmaul respirations; fast and deep respirations.
Abnormal permanent enlargement of the gas-exchange airways accompanied by destruction of alveolar walls without obvious fibrosis...
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Emphysema
Bacterial tracheitis is a/an _______ infection usually caused by _______.
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S. aureus infection of the upper airway.
Reduced oxygen in the blood ...
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Hypoxemia
Reduced oxygen in tissues...
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Hypoxia
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Coughing up blood
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Hemoptysis
What is the first symptom of hypoxia?
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anxiety
A bluish discoloration of the skin in response to decreased oxygen...
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cyanosis
Central cyanosis occurs more rapidly in ______ and manifests in the _______ and _______ .
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occurs in children more rapidly than in adults; chest and lips.
Clubbing is caused by _______ .
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chronic hypoxia
Rust sputum = _______ . Bright green = _______ .
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Rust = TB and Bright Green = pseudomonas. *Want antibiotics to cover the organism.
Occlusion of the pulmonary arterial system by a thrombus, embolus, tissue fragment, lipids or an air bubble ...
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pulmonary embolism
What is the most common cause of a pulmonary embolism?
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An embolus.
Hypercapnea can be caused by anything that causes _______ .
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Hypoventilation (like a drug overdose).
What is exertional dyspnea?
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Shortness of breath due to exertion; Subjective, quantify by asking questions like: Can you walk around the block with no SOA?
What is the 6 minute test?
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Diagnostic for exertional dyspnea. Patient walks for 6 minutes with pulse oximeter, SOA = exertional dyspnea.
  
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