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Laryngeal cancer is a _______ carcinoma. There are 3 types, they are:
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Squamous cell, carcinoma of true vocal cords, supraglottic, subglottic (rare).
Asthma is an _______ mediated response causing vasodilation and bronchospasms.
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IgE
What happens when a patient with emphysema is given oxygen? Why?
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They stop breathing. Drive to breath is initiated by decreased oxygen instead of increased CO2.
What is status asthmaticus?
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Serious asthma condition where meds don't work; dire state. Treated with epinephrine.
What is COPD?
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A disease state characterized by airflow limitation that isn't fully reversible. Progressive. Once you have it, doesn't stop.
What is paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea (PND)? What is it a sign of?
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SOA only at night; wakes up gasping for air; sign of fluid in the lungs.
Chest pain that is reproducible with deep breath...
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pleural pain
In normal lung function, _______ exceeds _______, so the V/Q ratio is close, but not a one to one relationship.
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perfusion exceeds ventilation; You have more blood ready to pick up oxygen than the actual amount of oxygen provided by the lung.
What are the 2 main types of COPD?
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emphysema and chronic bronchitis; Both primarily caused by cigarette smoke.
Tonsillar infections are usually caused by _______ .
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Group A beta hemolytic strep antibiotics
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Emphysema = trouble getting air _______. Chronic bronchitis = trouble getting air _______ .
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Emphysema = no air out; Bronchitis = trouble in and out
What are signs and symptoms of an obstructive pulmonary disease?
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dyspnea; wheezing
The key to asthma is that it is a _______ response to an allergen or irritant exposure.
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reversible
What is normal respirations?
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12 - 20 per minute
What is empyema?
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Infected pleural infusion; complication of pneumonia.
What are the signs and symptoms of all lung cancers?
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Persistent changing cough, hemoptosis, and weight loss.
What are signs and symptoms of peripheral edema?
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Jugular venus distention, hepatomegaly, and edema.
Death-watch respirations...
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Cheyne-Stokes
Hypersecretion of mucus and chronic productive cough that lasts 3 months of a year for 2 years...
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Chronic bronchitis
Who most commonly has PND?
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people with LHF
Characterized by shorter, faster breaths. Lungs are less compliant/pliable...
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Restricted breathing
  
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