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Antibiotics and AntifungalsMedical-Surgical Nursing-7th edition

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The 1st and also current drug prescribed to treat tuberculosis is _______.
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streptomycin
Sulfanomide drugs are metabolized by the _______ and excreted by the _______.
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liver; kidneys
The new antibacterial drug that has a synergistic effect with sulfanomides is...
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trimethoprim
Food _______ absorption of Zithromax by 50%.
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decreases
_______ cross the blood brain barrier in children but not adults.
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Aminoglycosides
Serious adverse reactions to aminoglycosides include _______ and _______.
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nephrotoxicity; ototoxicity
It is necessary to draw peak and trough levels for Vancomycin to minimize _______ effects.
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toxic
The newest classification of antibiotic that is structurally related to macrolides is...
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ketolides
Vancomycin, aminoglycosides, and fluoroquinolones are _______ drugs.
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Bactericidal
Keflex is a _______.
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cephalosporin
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Antacids and iron _______ absorption of Levaquin.
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decrease
When penicillin is mixed with _______ in IV solution, both drugs are inactivated.
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aminoglycosides
Diflucan is considered a/an _______ antifungal.
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azole
What drug is the most prescribed penicillin derivative?
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Amoxicillin
Erythema multiforme and exfoliative dermatis are hypersensitivity reactions to...
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sulfanomides
What ROA isn't utilized with macrolides and why?
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IM because it's too painful.
Administration of IV macrolides should be infused _______ to avoid _______.
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slowly to avoid pain (phlebitis)
Clients on cephalosporin can maintain their intestinal flora by...
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ingesting buttermilk or yogurt.
Only a few Cephalosporins are administered _______, most are administered _______ and _______.
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orally (like Keflex); IV and IM
What should you not do while taking Cephalosporins?
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Drink alcohol
What super infections can develop on prolonged treatment with Cephalosporin class drugs?
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Fungal candida in the mouth (ulcers) or candida in the genital area.
  
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