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Fluid and ElectrolytesMedical-Surgical Nursing-7th edition

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Weight gain, decreased hematocrit and decreased plasma protein levels, distended neck veins and increased bp, increased capillary hydrostatic pressure, edema and ultimately pulmonary edema and heart failure result from...
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hypervolemia
Increased CO2 combines to make _______, the net change is a more _______ environment.
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carbonic acid H2CO3; acidic
_______ compensate _______ for metabolic problems.
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Lungs; quickly
SIADH is _______ ADH resulting in _______H2O secretion.
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Increased ADH resulting in decreased water.
Acidosis is...
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Decreased blood pH (Lower than 7.35)
What moves water between ECF and ICF?
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osmosis
SIADH results in _______ ADH.
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too much
More particles than blood plasma per volume of water...
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Hypertonic Solution
What happens to burn victims that results in hyperkalemia?
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The cells are damaged causing them to burst, this releases K+ into ECF.
SIADH
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Syndrome with inappropriate ADH.
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When Na+ levels remain constant per volume, but electrolytes become diluted due to increased fluids, this is called...
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Relative Hyponatremia
What measures acid/base balance?
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arterial blood gas
Decreased sodium intake, excessive sweating, diarrhea and diuretic use are causes of...
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Hyponatremia
Fluid within the cell membrane is...
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ICF
What is the normal plasma sodium level?
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135-145 mEq/L
What is the normal blood pH?
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7.35-7.45
Excessive loss of metabolic acids results in _______.
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metabolic alkalosis
Normal K+ levels are _______ to _______ mEq/L.
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3.5-5.3
Decrease in bp occurs when _______ is occurring.
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Hypovolemia/shock
Primary hyperaldosteronism with excessive secretion of aldosterone from an adrenal adenoma, causing K+ _______.
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wasting
What is the major ion of the intracellular fluid?
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Potassium (K+)
  
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