Campus Collusion
Review Questions for Test Preparation

       
    

  



Fluid and ElectrolytesMedical-Surgical Nursing-7th edition

Review Online for Free
Lies about Study Techniques: Believe them at your own risk.
www.NursingInAFlash.com

Page 7
Skip Navigation Links
Question Answer
Aldosterone is secreted when sodium levels are _______ or when potassium levels are _______.
Show Answer
depressed; increased
The effects of aldosterone on the renal tubules include ______ sodium absorption, _______ fluid absorption and _______ potassium absorption.
Show Answer
increased; increased; decreased
When circulating blood volume and bp are reduced, _______, secreted by the juxtaglomerular cells of the kidney, is released.
Show Answer
Renin
T wave narrow and peaked; QRS complex spread; and PR interval prolonged.
Show Answer
hyperkalemia
What controls the movement between interstitial and intravascular spaces?
Show Answer
Hydrostatic pressure and colloid oncotic pressure.
How do hypothalamic osmoreceptors respond to increased plasma osmolality?
Show Answer
Cause thirst; signal posterior pituitary gland to release ADH.
What is the normal sodium level?
Show Answer
135-145
What two compartments house ECF?
Show Answer
Intravascular fluid: IVF; Interstitial Fluid
Heart failure, GI ulceration and renal impairment can be caused by hyper_______.
Show Answer
hyperkalemia
The _______ is the primary control of metabolism.
Show Answer
thyroid
Download these questions to your phone here
Extra fluid in the interstitial spaces...
Show Answer
Edema
Retention of Na and H2O is a cause to edema because of an increase in _______.
Show Answer
capillary hydrostatic pressure
The signs and symptoms of SIADH include _______ serum sodium, _______ serum osmolality, _______ urine specific gravity and _______ water retention.
Show Answer
decreased Na; decreased osmolality; increased urine specific gravity; increased water retention
_______ usually results from renal insufficiency or from the administration of large doses of K+ over time.
Show Answer
Hyperkalemia
What is the normal range for K+?
Show Answer
3.5-5.0
Common signs and symptoms of _______ are weakness, muscle cramps, hyperactive reflexes, tetany, shallow, slow respirations, confusion, convulsions and tachycardia.
Show Answer
metabolic alkalosis
What happens to a patient's ECF if they have SIADH?
Show Answer
ECF increases - Hyponatremia (same Na level, more fluid) - H20 leaves HCF and goes to ICF - oncosis of cell.
What are causes of respiratory alkalosis?
Show Answer
Hyperventilation, asthma, anxiety, infection/fever.
The major physiologic stimulus for thirst is...
Show Answer
increased serum osmolality.
Hyperaldosteronism causes what fluid and electrolyte imbalance?
Show Answer
Hypokalemia (decreased K); hypernatremia (increased Na); hypervolemia.
Hyperkalemia results in _______.
Show Answer
acidosis; increased H in ECF causing K+ to leave cells = decreased pH.
  
Page 7 Skip Navigation Links
Not what your looking for, continue searching

    
Skip Navigation Links