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Hematology and CellsMedical-Surgical Nursing-7th edition

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Page 11
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This type of anemia is caused by trauma, or a quick depletion of RBC's...
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Posthemorrhagic anemia
What is absolute polycythemia?
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Overproduction of RBC. Two types: polycythemia vera and secondary.
Most plasma proteins are produced by the _______, except for _______ which is produced by plasma cells.
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Proteins in liver; Ig from plasma cells
Elevated numbers of erythromblasts would indicate...
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the body is attempting to replace RBC's.
How many days does a platelet circulate for on average?
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10
Folate deficiency anemia is most commonly found in _______ and _______.
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alcoholic and nutritionally malnourished people
How is folate deficiency treated?
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Banana bags
What are the underlying causes of macrocytic anemias?
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Defective DNA synthesis from deficiencies in B12 or folate.
What causes pernicious anemia?
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Lack of intrinsic factor from gastric parietal cells.
Pernicious and Folate anemias are what classification of anemias?
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Macrocrytic-Normochromic Anemias
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What symptoms of anemia are only found in pernicious anemia?
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Neurological manifestations: peripheral neuropathy, numbness, loss of vibratory sense. Occur because of nerve demyelination.
How is pernicious anemia treated?
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IM injection and increased oral doses.
What is the most common anemia?
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Iron deficiency anemia
What would the symptoms be of a platelet count of:140,000:______, 49,000:_______, 14,999:_______, 9,999:_______
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Less than 150,000 = bruising, Less than 50,000 = hemorrhage/minor trauma, Less than 15,000 = severe bleeding, Less than 10,000 = severe spontaneous bleeding.
What test is used to test for the efficiency of B12 injections and how are the results interpreted?
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Schillings test, looks for intrinsic factor in urine. Urine detected B12 = no problem, no B12 in urine = problem.
What is the path of hemostasis?
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Damaged endothelial - clot seals injury in 3-5 minutes - Fibrin stabilizes area, traps cells in area for wound repair and sequesterization.
_______ are the most abundant cells in the blood.
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Erythrocytes
DIC is a complex, acquired disorder in which _______ and _______ occur simultaneously.
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clotting and hemorrhage
What initiates hemostasis?
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Damage to endothelial cells.
The hemoglobin has _______ hemes per unit. It is _______ if O2 is attached and _______ if it's not.
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4 hemes per unit; oxyhemoglobin = O2 attached; deoxyhemoglobin = O2 not attached
Platelet levels are maintained by _______ and _______.
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thrombopoietin; IL-II
  
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