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Muscle and SkeletalMedical-Surgical Nursing-7th edition

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Question Answer
Ewing's sarcoma, unlike Osteosarcoma, is responsive to _______ treatment.
Show Answer
chemotherapy
If a patient with RA got no treatment, what would happen?
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They would lose joint mobility and wouldn't be able to move knees, shoulders, fingers, etc. Eventually causes early death.
A fracture resulting from a bone driven into another bone...
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Impacted
Why, if left untreated, would RA lead to death?
Show Answer
Chronic irritation of the immune function causes the immune system to weaken overtime. Increases risk of getting pneumonia.
RA is a _______ arthritis.
Show Answer
Symmetric; both knees, both wrists, etc.
What is the treatment for Osgood-Schlatter syndrome?
Show Answer
Rest
How are sprains or strains traditionally treated?
Show Answer
RICE - Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation.
How is scoliosis measured and what determines it?
Show Answer
Measured by degrees of curvature; x-ray measures it.
What are signs and symptoms of sprain or strains?
Show Answer
Inflammation, bruising, erythema, swelling, and pain.
Group of familial disorders that cause degeneration of the skeletal muscle fibers...
Show Answer
Muscular Dystrophy.
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In scoliosis, 25 degrees or less equals ______ and 50 degrees or more equals _____.
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25 degrees equals bracing, prevents further curvature; 50 degrees equals surgery.
What can cause a dislocation?
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Usually follows trauma, can be congenital (connective tissue disease), and pathologic.
What foods are high in purines?
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Liver, dry beans/peas, anchovies, gravies, and turkey.
Chondrogenic cancers =
Show Answer
cancer arising from cartilage cells.
What is the most common subluxation and what causes it?
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Most common subluxation is subluxation of the vertebra, usually between C2-C3. Caused by MVA/whiplash; compresses or totally cuts the spinal cord. Usually results in death.
Myelogenic cancers =
Show Answer
Arise from vascular marrow cells.
Osteosarcoma occurs most often in people ages _______.
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15-19; 60% of bone tumors in children.
A fracture that has not properly healed...
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Malunion
A fracture where the ends of the bones haven't grown back together...
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Non-union
What is the pathology of gout?
Show Answer
Increased uric acid in serum and synovial fluid leads to precipitates deposited in connective tissue and over time tophi develops. Tophi settles into tissue causing pain, swelling and deformity.
_______ is the stage between normal bone density and osteoporosis.
Show Answer
Osteopenia
  
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