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Muscle and SkeletalMedical-Surgical Nursing-7th edition

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Question Answer
_______ is the stage between normal bone density and osteoporosis.
Show Answer
Osteopenia
How do adults get osteomyelitis?
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Usually result of penetrating injuries, especially over bony prominences like ankles, knees, etc. that is exposed outside to air. Trauma (MVA, stab wounds etc.), bites, post-surgery.
How is osteomyelitis detected and treated?
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Detected via x-ray; treated with long-term IV antibiotics.
Where do contractures commonly occur?
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Primarily in the skin, underlying tissues, muscle, tendons and joint areas.
What organisms are most likely to cause osteomyelitis in children?
Show Answer
S. aureus and E. coli. Mostly occurs in children with some sort of sepsis.
Ewing's sarcoma arises from bone _______. Osteosarcoma arises from _______.
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Ewing's: arises from bone marrow. Osteosarcoma: mesenchymal bone cells.
Rheumatoid arthritis is a _______ hypersensitivity reaction.
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Type III
...Related to pressure, obstruction, stretching, bone metastasis and inflammation. Also impacted by cultural influences...
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Pain
Legg-Calve'-Perthe is a/an _______ disease which impacts the _______ bone.
Show Answer
an osteonecrotic disease; proximal femoral epiphysis
What are secondary causes of osteoarthritis?
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Anything that damages cartilage directly; chronic stress to joints.
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What medications can negatively impact bone repair?
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Corticosteroids; NSAIDS, anticonvulsants.
  
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