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Muscle and SkeletalMedical-Surgical Nursing-7th edition

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_______ is the stage between normal bone density and osteoporosis.
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How do adults get osteomyelitis?
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Usually result of penetrating injuries, especially over bony prominences like ankles, knees, etc. that is exposed outside to air. Trauma (MVA, stab wounds etc.), bites, post-surgery.
How is osteomyelitis detected and treated?
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Detected via x-ray; treated with long-term IV antibiotics.
Where do contractures commonly occur?
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Primarily in the skin, underlying tissues, muscle, tendons and joint areas.
What organisms are most likely to cause osteomyelitis in children?
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S. aureus and E. coli. Mostly occurs in children with some sort of sepsis.
Ewing's sarcoma arises from bone _______. Osteosarcoma arises from _______.
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Ewing's: arises from bone marrow. Osteosarcoma: mesenchymal bone cells.
Rheumatoid arthritis is a _______ hypersensitivity reaction.
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Type III
...Related to pressure, obstruction, stretching, bone metastasis and inflammation. Also impacted by cultural influences...
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Legg-Calve'-Perthe is a/an _______ disease which impacts the _______ bone.
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an osteonecrotic disease; proximal femoral epiphysis
What are secondary causes of osteoarthritis?
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Anything that damages cartilage directly; chronic stress to joints.
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What medications can negatively impact bone repair?
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Corticosteroids; NSAIDS, anticonvulsants.
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