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Muscle and SkeletalMedical-Surgical Nursing-7th edition

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Question Answer
Osgood-Schlatter disease is more common in _______.
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Boys, especially adolescent boys who play sports and are actively growing.
Osteoarthritis is a/an _______ joint disease; it tends to be on _______ side(s).
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non-inflammatory joint disease; starts out on one side (asymmetrical)
What is an ulnar drift and what disease is it associated with?
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Fingers drift towards the ulnar bone, associated with RA
What are the drawbacks of an RF lab test?
Show Answer
It isn't always (+) when a person has RA.
How are muscle strains treated?
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RICE and ibuprofen or Tylenol.
Why do children with Duchenne's look bulky?
Show Answer
They look bulky because the fat and connective tissue that replaces the damaged muscle take up more room.
Muscle strains take _______ to heal and are usually more painful on day _______.
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days to heal; worse on day 2
Rheumatoid arthritis is a _______ disease.
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systemic, autoimmune disease. Nothing to do with joint pressure or getting older.
How are contractures treated?
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Once they form, cannot be fixed. Prevention (PT) is key.
Who typically suffers from contractures?
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People who are elderly or immobilized.
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The _______ is where gout typically manifests initially.
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big toe
The development of tophi is _______ and can cause deformity and severe joint pain.
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irreversible/permanent
Deposits of crystals in Sub Q tissue...
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Tophi (related to Gout)
Why does subluxation of the vertebra usually result in death?
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It compresses or totally cuts the spinal cord resulting in : The respiratory center is depressed, patient loses ability to breathe.
Hangman's Syndrome
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Subluxation of the vertebra
Collagenic cancers =
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Cancers arising from collagen cells.
Partial dislocation...
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Partial dislocation = subluxation
What are signs and symptoms of dislocations?
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Pain, swelling, decreased range of motion, joint deformity, and tight .
A cleft palate is a _______ that may affect soft palate or extend to the nostril and hard palate.
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Fissure, usually midline. If facial bones are involved, nasal cavity may communicate with mouth.
What are nongenetic contributors to cleft lip/palate?
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Tobacco and alcohol use (mom); diabetes (mom).
What are the stages of Rheumatoid arthritis?
Show Answer
Stage 1: inflammation, swelling of synovial membrane lining. Leads to red, hot joints. Stage 2: pannus formation leads to joint capsule. Stage 3: fibrous tissue replaces pannus, occludes joint space which leads to decreased joint mobility and deformity
  
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