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Muscle and SkeletalMedical-Surgical Nursing-7th edition

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How do you check for blood flow in an area where a break is suspected?
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Check for a pulse, check for warmth, and check capillary refill time (white to pink).
Osteogenic cancers =
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cancer arising from bone cells
Why are kids more likely to get osteosarcoma?
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Bones in kids are rapidly growing leading to rapid cellular reproduction, increasing the chance of mutation.
Disruption in bone intactness...
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fracture
A twisted fracture...
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spiral
An inflammatory granulomar tissue comprised of macrophages...
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Pannus
If you haven't gotten rheumatoid arthritis by age _______, you probably won't get it.
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50
What are signs and symptoms of an osteosarcoma metastasis?
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Lung problems; SOA.
_______ result if force exceeds tensile strength or compressive strength of bone.
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Fractures
JRA: Polyarticular = ______, Pauciarticular = ______, Systemic RA = ______.
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Polyarticular = 5 or more joints/40%, Pauciarticular = no more than 4 joints/50%. Systemic = Stills, in many joints. Also leukocytosis, enlarged nymph nodes, various hematology problems.
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How are bone fractions classified (5 general categories)?
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Location, Open vs. Closed, Complete vs. Incomplete, Direction of fracture line, More than one piece?
Which form of JRA is most common?
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Pauciarticular
A bone that has been nicked or broken, exposed to an environment thru a break in skin is classified as...
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Open; from stab wounds, punctures from the outside in, inside out, MVA, etc.
A bone that has been fractured but is still encased by intact skin is a _______ fracture.
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closed
A very common sign of bone cancer in children is when they say...
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their bones hurt at night. A consistent complaint.
What organism is most likely to cause osteomyelitis in adults?
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Pseudomonas
A fragmented bone break, cannot be casted. Must undergo surgical repair and has a longer healing time...
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Comminuted
Fracture common in athletes; always incomplete and always at an angle...
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Greenstick
What is osteomalacia?
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Ricketts; Bones don't harden due to inadequate and delayed mineralization in mature and compact bone. Essentially failure of normal calcification of bone.
What is the most lethal bone cancer?
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Ewing's Sarcoma
Ewing's sarcoma, unlike Osteosarcoma, is responsive to _______ treatment.
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chemotherapy
  
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