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NeuroMedical-Surgical Nursing-7th edition

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Straightening the knee and hip and then flexing the knee to determine whether pain in the back or neck result is called...
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the Kernig sign (useful in diagnosing meningitis and subarachnoid hemorrhages)
How is bacterial meningitis contracted?
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3rd world countries, swimming in lakes and rivers, recent infection (otitis, sinusitis).
What are the signs and symptoms of meningitis?
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Light aversion, stiff neck, fever, vomiting, headache, fatigue, seizures, and joint pain.
Meningitis = _______ blood sugar; Hemorrhages = ______ blood sugar
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Meningitis = decreased blood sugar (bacteria eats it); Hemorrhage (like subarachnoid) = normal glucose
A patient has a fever, headache, stiff neck, photophobia and petechial chest rash.....they likely have _______.
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Bacterial Meningitis (*only bacterial has petechial rash)
What is the pathology of interstitial edema?
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Noncommunicating hydrocephalus. CSF goes from ventricles (subarachnoid) to extracellular spaces (meninges). Increased fluid volume around ventricles. Increased hydrostatic pressure in white matter. Decrease in white matter size from displacement of m
Decreased reabsorption and increase fluid production are 2 types of hydrocephalus that are considered _______.
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communicating
Hydrocephalus is caused by interference of _______ flow.
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CSF
A hydrocephalus caused by an obstruction within the ventricular system is called a _______ hydrocephalus.
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non-communicating
What is the usual cause of a non-communicating hydrocephalus?
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A tumor or blood clot obstructing the ventricular system.
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_______ is excess fluid within the cranial vault, subarachnoid space or both.
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Hydrocephalus
_______ CP manifests with gait disturbances and instability. May have hypotonia at birth, but stiffness of trunk muscles develops by late infancy.
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Ataxic
CP is a/an _______ characterized by motor dysfunctions like spasticity, ataxia, dyskinesia or a mix of all.
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encephalopathy (static)
Reye syndrome is characterized by _______ and _______.
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encephalopathy; fatty changes in organs, especially the liver
A _______ is a tumor that resembles normal cells of the SNS. Most commonly found in the adrenal medulla.
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Neuroblastoma
Metastatic carcinomas in the brain develop from...
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systemic cancers (like lung) that enter circulation (*poor prognosis)
What is the most common type of brain tumor?
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Metastatic carcinoma
Meningiomas and nerve sheath tumors are classified as _______ tumors.
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Extracerebrae
Meningiomas are usually detected when a patient experiences _______.
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Focal seizures
_______ have spider-like projections that can make it difficult to completely remove it.
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Meningiomas
A _______ is a slow growing, encapsulated tumor.
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meningioma
  
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