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NeuroMedical-Surgical Nursing-7th edition

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A _______ is a slow growing, encapsulated tumor.
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meningioma
_______ are a glioma that are highly malignant. They grow _______ and are highly vascular.
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Glioblastoma multiform; grow quickly
Astrocytoma is a _______ growing tumor that _______ be removed surgically.
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slow; can be removed surgically
Astrocytomas are generally located in...
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cerebrum, hypothalamus, pons.
Astrocytomas are classified as primary _______ tumors.
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intracerebral
What is the most common glioma?
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Astrocytoma
The most common forms of encephalitis are caused by _______ and _______.
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herpes simplex; arthropod-borne viruses
An acute febrile illness, usually of viral origin with nervous system involvement...
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Encephalitis
Cerebral abscess = _______ symptoms. Encephalitis = _______ symptoms.
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cerebral abscess = focal; encephalitis = global, diffuse, systemic
Localized collection of pus in the parenchyma of the cerebrum...
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cerebral abscess (can increase ICP)
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A baby's posterior fotanelles closes at _______. The anterior closes by _______.
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Posterior - 2-3 months; Anterior - 18 months
What can happen to a child with Shaken baby syndrome?
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Cerebral edema, ICP, death, mental lags.
Shaken baby syndrome results in what types of brain injuries?
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Diffuse Axonal injury; Coup/Contrecoup
Raccoon eyes and bruising behind the ears are signs of _______ fractures.
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Basilar skull fracture
Concussion is associated _______; whereas contusions are associated with _______.
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concussion = diffuse; contusion = focal
What is a focal brain injury?
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Specific, grossly observable brain lesions. Can be from a knife wound, hematomas, coup/contrecoup, etc.
Diffuse brain injuries tend to have _______ symptoms.
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more systemic symptoms
A _______ occurs with a diffuse axonal injury.
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concussion
Diffuse brain injury or diffuse axonal injury (DAI) results from a _______ effect. _______ is the primary mechanism of injury.
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shaking effect (MVA); Rotational acceleration
What are the concerns with a basilar skull fracture?
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Increased ICP; torn meninges (symptoms would be fluid to leak from nose or ears); damage to limbic system (aggression).
Injury to the base of the skull; about immediately below eyes...
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Basilar skull fracture
  
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