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NeuroMedical-Surgical Nursing-7th edition

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UMN or LMN? Originates in contralateral motor cortex and cranial nerves...
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UMN
UMN or LMN? Reflex arc is intact, but no brain control
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UMN
UMN or LMN? Pronounced atrophy
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LMN
UMN or LMN? Stroke
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UMN
A type of shock that is a protective response that involves a shut down of everything below the level of injury...
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Spinal Shock
UMN or LMN? Myasthenia Gravis
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LMN
Affects UMN, LMN of the cerebral cortex, brain stem and spinal cord (corticospinal and anterior roots); leaves sensory neurons intact...
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ALS
Autonomic Hyper/Dysreflexia is a life threatening situation that could lead to _______. It is severe and quick.
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Stroke
How is Autonomic Hyper/ Dysreflexia treated?
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Remove the stimulus. Empty bladder, bowel, move them if pressure ulcer, etc.
Autonomic Hyper/Dysreflexia occurs with injuries above _______.
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T6: people with tetraplegia (quadriplegia).
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What causes an autonomic Hyper/Dysreflexia?
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Injury above T6; PNS and SNS can no longer communicate resulting in SNS and PNS stimulation.
What is the pathology of Autonomic Hyper/ Dysreflexia?
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Visceral activation (bladder, bowel, pressure, pregnancy, etc.); SNS: hypertension, headache, goose bumps; Carotid/Aortic baroreceptors send message to lower BP; PNS: bradycardia, vasodilation.
What are signs and symptoms of Autonomic Hyper/Dysreflexia?
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Vasoconstriction (leads to hypertension), pounding headache, goose bumps, bradycardia.
Acquired inflammatory disease causing demyelization of the peripheral nerves with relative sparing of axons...
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Guillain Barre'
Recovery from Guillain Barre' occurs within _______ and in a _______ to _______ fashion.
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2 years; distal to proximal
Guillain Barre' is characterized by _______ motor paralysis; stocking and glove .
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ascending
Guillain Barre' is a _______ and _______ immunologic reaction.
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humoral and cellular
Autosomal dominant hereditary genetic disorder resulting from a depletion of GABA...
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Huntington's
Huntington's involves a severe degeneration of the _______ and _______.
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basal ganglia (caudate and putamen); frontal cerebral cortex
Chorea...
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Huntington's
Parkinson's is a severe degeneration of the _______ and involves the _______.
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basal ganglia (corpus striatum); dopaminergic nigrostriatal pathway (extrapyramidal system that helps with fine motor skills)
  
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