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NeuroMedical-Surgical Nursing-7th edition

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Question Answer
Alzheimer's is a disease with _______ progression and has a high comorbidity with _______.
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slow progression; increased incidence of depression
What is the pathology of Alzheimer's?
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Beta-amyloid accumulates in the brain forming plaque. Tau becomes damaged and gets tangled.
A _______ results from a sudden, explosive, disorderly discharge of cerebral neurons and is characterized by transient alterations in function
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Seizure
Repeated seizures; a seizure followed by another seizure before the person has fully regained consciousness; a medical emergency...
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Status epilepticus
A seizure where part of the body is involved and there may or may not be LOC.
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Partial
In the _______ phase, there's alternating contraction and relaxation of muscles.
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clonic phase
What seizure phase? Subcortical to thalamic to brainstem; causing an increased body tone, all muscles clamp down including respiratory muscles....seizure cry.
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Tonic phase
The clonic phase begins when there's inhibitory neurons in the _______ that respond to the increased cortical excitation.
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cortex
The tonic phase of a seizure involves excitation of the _______ areas and leads to loss of consciousness and increased muscle tone and contraction.
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subcortical
A _______ seizure disorder is one that is associated with diseases or disorders (metabolic, environmental, etc.)
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provoked
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A single seizure lasting more than 30 minutes...
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Status Epilepticus
A seizure where there's loss of consciousness and total body involvement...
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generalized
An _______ seizure occurs from a paroxysmal depolarization of a group of neurons.
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unprovoked
During seizure activity, _______ and _______ are rapidly depleted.
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oxygen and glucose; can lead to irreversible brain damage in a sustained seizure.
What is Epileptogenic focus?
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hypersensitive neurons; cortical excitation
_______ neurons fire more and more often and with greater amplitude. They are hypersensitive and are more easily activated by hyperthermia, hypoxia, hypoglycemia, hyponatremia and certain sleep phases.
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Epileptogenic
The major difference between dysthymia and major depression is...
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Dysthymia = can perform ADL; Major = ADL are more difficult and often fall by wayside.
_______ is when states such as sadness become prominent in a maladaptive nature and can become incapacitating.
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Depression
Dysthymia, major depression and Seasonal Affective Disorder are all classified as _______.
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unipolar
An affective state is characterized by _______ emotional feelings.
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brief
_______ can develop in people with a panic disorder. This can lead to more serious conditions like seizures.
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Respiratory alkalosis (from hyperventilating)
  
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