Campus Collusion
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NeuroMedical-Surgical Nursing-7th edition

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The ability of axonal branches to influence many different neurons...
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divergence
Branches of various numbers of neurons join and influence a single neuron...
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convergence
Where does the action potential arise in a neuron?
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The axon hillock.
What 3 systems interact to produce pain?
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Sensory/discriminative system; Motivational affective system; Cognitive/evaluative system.
_______ is associated with increased muscle tone, prolonged primitive reflexes, exaggerated deep tendon reflexes, clonus, rigidity and contractures.
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Spastic CP
_______ CP is associated with extreme difficulty in fine motor coordination and purposeful movements. Jerky, uncontrolled, abrupt movements; damage to basal ganglia or extrapyramidal tract.
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Dyskinetic
What cranial nerve? Purely sensory; vestibular branch transmits impulses for sense of equilibrium; cochlear branch transmits impulses for sense of hearing.
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CN VIII - Vestibulocochlear
What cranial nerve? Mixed: (1) motor fibers serve pharynx (throat) and salivary glands and (2) sensory fibers carry impulses from pharynx, posterior tongue (taste buds), and pressure receptors of carotid artery.
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CN 1X - glossopharyngeal
What cranial nerve? Fibers carry sensory and motor impulses for pharynx; a large part of this nerve is parasympathetic motor fibers; which supply smooth muscles of abdominal organs, receives sensory impulses from viscera.
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CN X - vagus
What cranial nerve? Provides sensory and motor fibers for sternocleidomastoid and trapezius muscles and muscles of the soft palate, pharynx and larynx.
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CN XI - spinal accessory
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What cranial nerve? Carries motor fibers to muscles of tongue and sensory impulses from tongue to brain.
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CN XII - Hypoglossal
Which cranial nerve? To test, a person is asked to sniff aromatic substances, such as oil of cloves, vanilla, and to identify them.
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CN I - olfactory
Which cranial nerve? To test, vision and visual field are tested with an eye chart and by testing point at which a person 1st sees an object moving into their visual field; inside of eye is viewed with ophthalmoscope to observe blood vessels of eye inter
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CN II - optic
Which cranial nerve? Pupils examined for size, shape, and equality; pupillary reflex tested with a pen light; ability to follow moving object.
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CN III - oculomotor and IV - trochlear (follow object) and VI - abducens (move eyes laterally).
Which cranial nerve? Sensations of pain, touch and temp. tested with safety pin and hot and cold objects; corneal reflex tested with wisps of cotton; motor branch tested by asking subject to clench teeth, open mouth against resistance and move jaw side t
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CN V - trigeminal
Which cranial nerve? Anterior 2/3rds of tongue tested for ability to taste sweet (sugar), salty, sour (vinegar), and bitter substances; symmetry of face checked, subject asked to close eyes, smile, whistle and soon; tearing tested with ammonia fumes.
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CN VIII - facial
Which cranial nerve? Hearing checked by air and bone conduction by use of a tuning fork, vestibular and caloric tests.
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CN VIII - vestibulocochlear (acoustic)
Which cranial nerve? Gag and swallow reflexes checked; subject asked to speak and cough; posterior 1/3rd of tongue may be tested for taste.
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CN IX - glossopharyngeal and CN X - vagus
Which cranial nerve? Sternocleidomastoid and trapezius muscles checked for strength by asking subject to rotate head and shrug shoulders against resistance.
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CN - XI - spinal accessory
Which cranial nerve? Subject sticks out tongue and any position abnormalities are noted.
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CN XIII - hypoglossal
What cranial nerve? Purely sensory, carries impulses for sense of smell.
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CN I - olfactory
  
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