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Cardiopulmonary BasicsMedical-Surgical Nursing-7th edition

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Question Answer
_______ relates to the ability of the cardiovascular system to pump oxygenated blood to the tissues and return deoxygenated blood to the lungs.
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Perfusion
What diseases can increase LDL values?
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Hypothyroidism, nephrotic syndrome, and diabetes mellitus.
What diseases can decrease HDL?
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Type 2 diabetes, (also beta-adrenergic blockers), smoking, inactivity.
How does the body try to adapt to an increased metabolic rate?
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Body breaks down protein stores (muscle) including respiratory muscles which leads to increased carbon dioxide, increased rate and depth of respiration and results in hypoxemia.
What conditions can increase the metabolic rate?
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Pregnancy, wound healing, exercise, and fever.
What are signs and symptoms of anemia?
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Fatigue, decreased activity tolerance, breathlessness, pallor and increased heart rate.
Tachycardia = _______ bpm, Bradycardia = _______ bpm.
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Tachycardia = 101 bpm and Bradycardia = 59 bpm
Hemorrhage and dehydration cause a decrease in...
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circulating blood volume and decreased SV.
Left or Right heart failure? Blood backs up into the systemic circulation...
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Right heart failure
Left or Right heart failure? Blood backs up into the pulmonary circulation...
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Pulmonary = Left side failure
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What causes the second heart sound, S2?
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During the systolic phase the semilunar (aortic and pulmonic) valves open and blood flows from the ventricles to the aorta and pulmonary arteries.
What causes the first heart sound, S1?
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During ventricular diastole the atrioventricular (mitral and tricuspid) valves open and blood flows from the atria to the ventricles.
Cardiac troponins I and T elevate within _______ of a cardiac event.
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12 hours
Providers use _______ to diagnose acute myocardial infarcts.
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cardiac enzymes which are: creatine kinase, cardiac troponins I and T
A _______ determines the number and type of red and white blood cells per cubic millimeter of blood.
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CBC
The right ventricle pumps blood through the _______ circulation and the left ventricle pumps blood through the _______ circulation.
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right ventricle - pulmonary; left ventricle - systemic
The amount of blood ejected from the left ventricle each minute is _______.
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cardiac output (normal = 4-6 L/min)
  
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