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Musculoskeletal System and CareMedical-Surgical Nursing-7th edition

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Fractures caused by weakened bone tissue are called _______ fractures.
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Pathological
The skull is an example of a _______ joint.
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Synostotic
The 1st sternocostal joint is an example of a _______ joint.
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Cartilaginous
When a _______ joint undergoes maximal growth, it ossifies.
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cartilaginous
Synchondrosis is another name for a _______ joint.
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cartilaginous
The _______ joint is a ligament or membrane uniting 2 bony surfaces.
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fibrous
Syndesmosis joint it another name for a _______ joint.
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Fibrous
The paired tibia and fibula are an example of a _______ joint.
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Fibrous
The _______ joint is a freely moveable joint in which contiguous bony surfaces are covered by articular cartilage and are connected by ligaments.
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Synovial true joint
_______ bones occur in clusters and permit movement of the extremities.
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Short bones
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_______ bones, like the bones in the skull and the ribs in the thorax, provide structural contour.
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Flat bones
_______ bones make up the vertebral column and the mandible.
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Irregular bones
_______ represent the largest threat to bone health and functional independence of older individuals.
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Falls
_______ bones contribute to height and length.
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Long bones
How is metabolism impacted by immobility?
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Decreases GI function, decreases Ca resorption, decreases metabolism of carbs, fats and proteins leading to fluid, electrolyte and Ca imbalances.
What are the 4 general objectives of bed rest?
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1. Decrease physical activity and O2 needs. 2. Decrease pain. 3. Allowing ill or debilitated clients to rest. 4. Allowing exhausted clients to rest.
Clients with muscular dystrophy experience progressive, _______ weakness and wasting of skeletal muscle groups.
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symmetric
What are the cluster of symptoms referred to as the hazards of immobility ?
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Loss of muscle strength at a rate of 3% a day. Cardiovascular, skeletal and organ changes. Disuse atrophy (decrease in size and function of cells).
_______ joints are bones jointed by bones. No movement is associated with this type of joint.
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Synostotic
The best positioning strategies for any joint in order to decrease the risk of injury is?
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Supported, slightly flexed, with no pressure areas, in a 30 degree lateral position.
  
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