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Endrocine medications & insulinsMedical-Surgical Nursing-7th edition

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All insulin's can be given Sub Q, but only _______ insulin can be given via IV.
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regular
Prefilled insulin syringes should be stored _______ for up to _______.
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in the refrigerator; for 1-2 weeks
Once an insulin vial has been opened, it can be stored _______ month at room temp. or _______ month(s) refrigerated.
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30 days at room temperature; 3 months refrigerator
Glucotrol (Glipizide) is meant to be taken _______. It is _______.
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meant to be taken with meals; short acting
Metformin cannot be given with 48 hours of _______.
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contrast dye (CT scan)
The drug used in the treatment of diabetes insipidus is _______.
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vasopressin
_______ is a risk for patients on glucocorticoids.
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Hypokalemia
_______ can suppress signs and symptoms of infection.
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Corticotropin
During pregnancy, _______, _______ and _______ increase and can inhibit insulin usage. This contributes to gestational diabetes.
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progesterone; cortisol and Human Placental Lactogen (HPL)
People with type _______ diabetes should not use oral hypoglycemics.
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Type I
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Parathyroid hormone is useful in treating _______ and the synthetic calcitonin drug is used to treat _______.
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PTH = hypoparathyroidism; Calcitonin = hyperparathyroidism
Insulin injection sites are rotated to prevent _______.
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lipodystrophy
Clients report feeling the effect of levothyroxine (Synthroid) within _______.
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1-3 weeks
Signs and symptoms of _______ develop from high doses or prolonged use of glucocorticoids.
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Cushing's
What is the maximum effect of Growth Hormone therapy?
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Administration over several years can increase height by a foot.
What are the risks of GH therapy?
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GH can antagonize insulin secretion and cause diabetes.
Lantus is a _______ dose, usually administered _______.
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daily/once a day; usually given at night
Lantus is a long lasting _______ human insulin.
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recombinant DNA
The long lasting insulin is called...
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Humulin U Ultralente and Lantus
Insulin is a protein and therefore cannot be administered _______.
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orally
_______ a bottle of insulin can cause bubbles and an inaccurate dose.
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Shaking
  
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