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Beta blockers, Anticholinergics, and CholinergicsMedical-Surgical Nursing-7th edition

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end in -olol
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Beta blockers
Atropine; decrease salivation, increase heart rate, is an example of a/an _______ class of drug.
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anticholinergics
Atenolol blocks what receptors in order to treat hypertension?
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B1
Nadolol
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Blocks beta, manages hypertension and angina, don't use in people with asthma or COPD because blocks beta 2.
Detrol LA
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Muscarinic blocker, increases urination, side effects: dry eyes/mouth, headache, n/v/d, gas, weight gain, UTI, and abdominal pain.
Neostigmine
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Increases muscle strength in myasthenia gravis, used to prevent/ treat post-op urine retention, reduces miosis.
A1 blockers are commonly used for _______.
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Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy
What are side effects of Atenolol?
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Drowsiness, dizziness, diarrhea, cool extremities, leg pain, fainting/weakness, nausea/diarrhea.
Orthostatic hypertension, cardiac dysrhythmias, flush, hypotension and reflex tachycardia are all possible side effects of...
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A1 blockers
A patient with cardiac dysrhythmias, narrow angle glaucoma or cardiogenic shock should not be prescribed what class of drugs?
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Adrenergic
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Indirect cholinergics are used cautiously in people with what conditions?
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Bradycardia, asthma, ulcers and Graves.
What are 5 areas where Cholinergic receptors are located?
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Bladder, eyes, lungs, heart, and blood vessels.
If your patient has lung disease and you administer a beta blocker, should it block beta, or beta 2?
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Beta 1 because blocking Beta 2 would cause bronchoconstriction.
Indirect cholinergics are used primarily to treat...
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myasthenia gravis, glaucoma, and Alzheimer's.
Decreased urination, increased heart rate, decreased peristalsis, dilates pupils, decreases salivation, and decreases muscle tone are desired effects of _______.
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anticholinergics
What are 8 common side effects of adrenergics?
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Hypertension, tachycardia, palpitations, dysrhythmias, tremors, dizziness, urinary difficulties, nausea and vomiting.
Clonidine and Methyldopa act on adrenergic _______ receptors, decreasing bp.
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A2
A2 receptors work on...
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Vessels of smooth muscles. Dilates blood vessels, lowers bp, and lowers peristalsis.
B2 receptors are located mainly...
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lungs, skeletal muscles, and uterine muscles.
What are the 3 major actions of anticholinergic drugs?
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Increases heart rate (bradycardia), decreases GI motility (IBS), and decreases skeletal muscle rigidity (Parkinson's).
  
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