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Beta blockers, Anticholinergics, and CholinergicsMedical-Surgical Nursing-7th edition

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What are the 3 major actions of anticholinergic drugs?
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Increases heart rate (bradycardia), decreases GI motility (IBS), and decreases skeletal muscle rigidity (Parkinson's).
What are the 4 major actions of cholinergic drugs?
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Stimulates bladder tone, stimulates GI tone, constricts pupils, and increases neuromuscular transmission.
Isoproterenol Hydrochloride works on adrenergic _______ receptors.
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B1 and B2
What are the 3 major effects of cholinergic drugs?
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Stimulate GI movement (peristalsis), Bladder emptying (micturation), and Increase neuromuscular transmission.
Vasodilation, decreased bp, decreased ejaculation, pupils constriction and maybe reflex tachycardia are all results of _______ blockers.
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A1
A patient has COPD or asthma, they shouldn't be given _______.
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Non-selective beta blockers. B2 blockers
What are the side effects of Albuterol?
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Tremor, dizziness, nervousness, and restlessness.
What are the side effects of Epinephrine?
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Anorexia, n/v, nervousness, tremors, pallor, headache, syncope, dizziness, and insomnia.
A1 receptors work mostly on...
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Vessels of smooth muscles. Increase force and rate of heart contraction, increase bp, pupil dilation, and decrease salivation.
Bradycardia, dizziness, hypotension, headaches, hyperglycemia, hypoglycemia, or agranulocytosis are possible side effects of...
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beta blockers
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Cholinergics should be used with caution in people that have...
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decreased bp and decreased heart rate.
Prostate contraction, vasoconstriction, bladder contraction (less urine), force of heart contraction, decreased salivation, pupil dilation.
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Alpha 1 (vasoconstriction increases bp)
_______ are effective in treating hypertension, angina pectoris and cardiac dysrhythmias.
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Beta blockers
Hytrin is an example of an _______ blocker used for BPH. It allows the prostate to relax and shrink.
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alpha
B1 receptors are located mainly...
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in the heart
Epinephrine is a _______, Albuterol is a _______.
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Epinephrine - catecholamine; Albuterol - non-catecholamine
Using a drug to block acetyl cholinesterase is a/an _______ method of achieving a cholinergic effect.
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indirect
Cholinergics can be selective for...
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muscarinic
Albuterol is selective or non-selective?
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selective
Ergot alkabids block _______ receptors, causing vasoconstriction. Treats headache.
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A2
Dilates blood vessels, inhibits norepinephrine, decreases bp, decreases peristalsis, and decreases GI tone.
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Alpha 2 (opposite of other adrenergic receptors)
  
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