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Beta blockers, Anticholinergics, and CholinergicsMedical-Surgical Nursing-7th edition

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Dilates blood vessels, inhibits norepinephrine, decreases bp, decreases peristalsis, and decreases GI tone.
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Alpha 2 (opposite of other adrenergic receptors)
This cholinergic decreases heart rate and stimulates smooth muscle... (receptor)
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muscarinic
These blockers usually are used to block vasoconstriction (decreases bp); used in pregnancy or in difficult to treat hypertension...
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Alpha blockers
Epinephrine enervates what adrenergic receptors?
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A1, B1 & B2
Epinephrine is selective or non-selective?
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Non-selective
Tachycardia, dry mouth, blurred vision, impotence, constipation and abdominal distention are all possible side effects of...
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Anticholinergics
Cholinergics should not be used in people with what conditions?
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Intestinal or urinary obstruction.
This cholinergic acts on skeletal muscle...(receptor)
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nicotinic
Decreased heart rate, decreased bp, increased peristalsis, increased GI tone, increased urination, increased salivation, increased tears, maintenance of muscle tone are all results of _______.
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cholinergic drugs
Albuterol works on what adrenergic receptor?
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Beta 2. Bronchodilation, decreases GI tone (less urine output, less excretion).
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What is a major reportable side effect of cholinergic drugs?
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Pulse rate below 60.
Albuterol works on the adrenergic _______ receptors.
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B2
Some cholinergic drugs can be selective for the _______ receptor.
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muscarinic
People on _______ should be monitored closely if they are also prescribed beta-blockers.
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insulin therapy
Constriction of bronchioles, contraction of uterus, inhibition of glycogenesis and low blood sugar are the effects of _______ blockers.
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B2
Dilates bronchioles, relaxes GI and UG, increases glycogenolysis (increases blood sugar), increases blood flow to skeletal muscle...
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Beta 2
MEC
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Minimum Effective Concentration
Decreased heart rate and contraction is the effect of _______ blockers.
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B1
Increased chronotrope, increased inotrope, increased renin secretion (increased bp).
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Beta 1
Adrenergic Agonists
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Sympathomimetics
  
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