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Brain InjuriesMedical-Surgical Nursing-7th edition

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Question Answer
A normal CPP is _______. The formula is _______.
Show Answer
CPP = 60-100; MAP - ICP = CPP
_______ injuries occur between the dura mater and arachnoid layers of the meninges. Signs and symptoms appear within 48 hours.
Show Answer
Subdural
Which types of drugs aren't initially administered to patients with head trauma?
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Anticoagulants, benzodiazepines and sedatives.
What is Cushing's Triad?
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Systolic hypertension with a widened pulse pressure (lower diastolic). Bradycardia with bounding pulse. Altered respirations.
A CPP below _______ is incompatible with life.
Show Answer
30
Where in the brain can ICP be measured?
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Ventricles, subarachnoid space, subdural space, epidural space, and brain parenchymal tissue.
What is the maximum arterial pressure at which autoregulation of ICP is effective?
Show Answer
MAP of 150
Increase ICP: Lidocaine to _______, Mannitol to _______, Nipride for _______, Enalapril for _______
Show Answer
Lidocaine to prevent reflexive increase in ICP given via ET tube, Mannitol to decrease cerebral edema, Nipride or Enalapril for BP. *Nipride can never go dry and very light sensitive.
  
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