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Brain InjuriesMedical-Surgical Nursing-7th edition

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Question Answer
A normal CPP is _______. The formula is _______.
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CPP = 60-100; MAP - ICP = CPP
_______ injuries occur between the dura mater and arachnoid layers of the meninges. Signs and symptoms appear within 48 hours.
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Which types of drugs aren't initially administered to patients with head trauma?
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Anticoagulants, benzodiazepines and sedatives.
What is Cushing's Triad?
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Systolic hypertension with a widened pulse pressure (lower diastolic). Bradycardia with bounding pulse. Altered respirations.
A CPP below _______ is incompatible with life.
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Where in the brain can ICP be measured?
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Ventricles, subarachnoid space, subdural space, epidural space, and brain parenchymal tissue.
What is the maximum arterial pressure at which autoregulation of ICP is effective?
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MAP of 150
Increase ICP: Lidocaine to _______, Mannitol to _______, Nipride for _______, Enalapril for _______
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Lidocaine to prevent reflexive increase in ICP given via ET tube, Mannitol to decrease cerebral edema, Nipride or Enalapril for BP. *Nipride can never go dry and very light sensitive.
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