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Problem StatementsFoundations of Nursing Reasearch-5th ed.

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What is the first step, and possibly one of the most important requirements of the research process?
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Be able to delineate the study area clearly and state the research problem concisely (drill down to a narrow problem from a broad one)
What are the four most common sources for generating a research problem?
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Personal experiences, literature sources, existing theories, and previous research.
When basing research off of an existing theory, generally ________ is tested.
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only a part of the theory, not the entire thing
The testing of an existing theory is referred to as inductive or deductive research?
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Deductive
What are the disadvantages to using personal experiences as a foundation for research?
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-leads to a number of small, unrelated studies -limited generalizability of results
The lack of _________ studies in nursing has hindered the development of an extensive nursing knowledge base.
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Replication
How are the problem of a study and the purpose of the study different?
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The problem = what will be studied The purpose = why it will be studied
What factors should be considered when determining the appropriateness of a topic for scientific examination?
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Ethical issues, significance of study for nursing, personal motivation of the researcher, qualifications of the researcher, and feasibility of the study
With respect to ethical issues, what does a researcher need to know in order to ensure their study meets ethical guidelines?
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They need to know/be familiar with the ethical guidelines established by the federal government, professional organizations, and within the specific institutions where the research will be conducted.
What factors should be assessed to determine the feasibility of a study?
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Time required to evaluate, costs, equipment and supplied needed, administrative support needed, peer support, and availability of subjects
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Why should a researcher allow for more time to conduct a study than they think is actually needed?
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Unexpected delays frequently occur, it's best to plan for them
What are the criteria for a problem statement? (4)
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-it must be written in an interrogative sentence form (a question) -it must include the population -it must include the variables -it must be empirically testable
T/F Problem statements in literature are never written in declarative form, it is always in interrogative form to express a 'demand for an answer.'
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False, many times it is written in a declarative form in literature, but it is recommended that it be in interrogative form.
How can a researcher write a problem statement so that a consumer can read it, understand it and respond to it?
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By writing it as a complete, grammatically correct sentence, even if it has to be very long.
The 'population' of a problem statement must be _________.
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Narrowed/delimited. 'Nurses' is too broad, NICU nurses is delimited
A ________ study is one that has only one variable to be studied.
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Univariate
'What source of school stress is most identified by nursing school students' is an example of a problem statement for a __________ study. (Univariate, Bivariate or Multvariate?)
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Univariate
Univariate studies are frequently the _______ of a research process.
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The first/beginning step
When two variables are researched in a study, it is said to be a ________ study.
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Bivariate
'Is there a correlation between the number of stressors in school and the nursing student's rate of failure?' is an example of a problem statement of a ____________ study (Univariate, Bivariate or Multivariate?)
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Bivariate (usually an independent variable-number of stressors, and dependent variable-failure rate)
  
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