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Quantitative Nursing ResearchFoundations of Nursing Research-5th Ed.

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What are the greatest internal threats when using a time series research design?
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History or testing
What type of experimental designs are considered how 'not to do' research?
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One-shot case studies and One-group pretest-posttest designs (both are pre-experimental designs)
What type of study is indicated by the following notation? XO
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One shot case study
In a ________, a single group is exposed to an experimental treatment and observed after the treatment.
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One-Shot Case Study
A ________ design provides a comparison between a group of subjects before and after the experimental treatment.
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One-group Pretest-Posttest Design
What type of research is indicated in the following notation? O1XO2
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One group pretest-posttest design
What are the threats to internal validity when using a one-shot case study research method?
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History, Maturation, and Selection Bias
Which type of research design is considered the weakest, and why?
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The One Shot Case Study, because it has no controls for threats to internal validity
What are the disadvantages of using a one-group pretest-posttest design?
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The threats to internal validity: history, maturation, testing and instrumentation change
Why are all nonexperimental designs descriptive studies?
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-there is no manipulation or control of variables -the researcher can only describe the phenomenon as it exists
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What are the four most common types of nonexperimental research designs?
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Survey, correlational, comparative and methodological
______ studies are investigations in which self-report data are collected from samples with the purpose of describing populations on some variable or variables of interest.
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Survey Studies
What are the two most common public opinion polls in the US?
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The Gallup Poll and the Harris Polls
The ability to generalize sample results from a nonexperimental design to the population of interest lies in _____________.
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The Sampling Technique
_______ and _______ are very important in survey research.
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Probability sampling techniques and adequate sample sizes
What are the most common data collection methods used in survey research?
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Questionnaires and Interviews
What types of surveys can be used in survey research?
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Cross-sectional surveys and Longitudinal Surveys
In a ________ survey, subjects are studied at one point in time.
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Cross-sectional survey
_________ surveys follow subjects over an extended period of time.
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Longitudinal surveys
What are the advantages of survey research?
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-ability to provide accurate information on populations -a large amount of data can be obtained relatively quickly -involves a minimal cost
What are the disadvantages of survey research?
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-the type of data obtained (self-report responses may be unreliable because people may provide socially acceptable, not necessarily accurate, responses)
  
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