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Qualitative Nursing ResearchFoundations of Nursing Research-5th Ed.

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How is data collected in a grounded theory study?
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Through participant observation and interviews. The data is recorded through handwritten notes and tape recordings
_________ is the term used for contantly comparing new data collected against data already in hand. Pertinent concepts are assigned codes which ae constantly reviewed as more data is acquired.
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Constant Comparison
Which type of qualitative study uses constant comparison?
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Grounded theory
What is a gerund and what type of study frequenty utilizes them for analyzing data?
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A gerund is an -ing word (like calming, reconciling,etc.). They are often used for codes in Grounded theory research (to categorize responses)
When does a researcher, using the Grounded theory approach, consult the available literature regarding their topic of interest?
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After data has been gathered. analyzed, coded and relationships between concepts has been identified.
What is the presumption of the grounded theory approach?
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That all social life operates within fundamental patterns called basic social processes
Basic social processes are a construct of what type of research?
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Gounded theory
Which type of research is more concerned with generating theory than providing a hypothesis, and generates a self-correcting theory?
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Grounded theory
What type of nursing research is being used to help define the professional role of nurses?
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Historical
________ studies concern the identification, location, evaluation, and synthesis of data from the past and relating those findings to the present and future?
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Historical
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A stethoscope from 1892 would be considered ________ of nursing.
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An artifact
What are the methods of data collection for historical studies?
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Using documents, artifacts, relics and oral reports
With respect to historical research, a primary source is...
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A source (verbal, written, etc.) that provides firsthand information or direct evidence.
With respect to historical research, a secondary source is...
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Secondhand information or source, like a letter from Florence Nightingale's sister relating things Florence had told her about nursing in the Crimean War
Oral histories, written records, diaries, pictoral sources and physical evidence are considered _________ sources in historical research.
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Primary
What are the two types of evaluation all historical research should be submitted to?
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External and Internal criticism
_______ criticism is concerned with the authenticity of data collected for historical research.
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External
_______ criticism is concerned with the accuracy of data collected during historical research.
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Internal
When evaluating historical research, which type of evaluation should be conducted first?
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External (is the source authentic?)
Which type of evaluation for historical research is the most difficult, external or internal?
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Internal, you have to determine the bias or accuracy of information contained in a source
_______ are in depth examinations of people or groups of people.
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Case studies
  
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