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Ethics and Managing in NursingLeading and Managing in Nursing 4th Ed.

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What type of law governs the nurse actions and duties allowable by the profession?
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Common law, guided by each state
______ law is guided by principles rather than rules and regulations and consists of broad and comprehensive principles based on justice and reason.
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Common
What is the most important piece of nursing legislation?
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The state nurse practice acts
T/F Nursing state boards cannot grant exceptions, waivers, or expand practice acts outside of the Nursing Practice Act's specific provisions.
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True
What guides the nursing educational and examination requirements, grants licensure and defines functions of nursing in each category of nursing?
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The Nurse Practice Acts
What are the main purposes of a state board of nursing?
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-ensure enforcement of the nurse practice acts -protect the public through licensure
The _________ ensures individual state actions against a nurse's license is recorded and enforced in all states in which the nurse holds a license.
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National Council of State Boards of Nursing (NCSBN)
For a nurse who holds a license in one state but is able to work in another state due to compact agreements, which Nurse Practice Acts govern that nurse's actions?
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The state in which she/he is practicing
_______ denotes conduct that is lacking in car and typically concerns nonprofessionals.
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Negligence
Professional negligence is also referred to as...
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Malpractice
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A deviation from the standard of care a reasonable person would deliver is called...
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Negligence
A failure of a person with professional education and skills to act in a reasonable and prudent manner is called...
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Malpractice
What is omission as it relates to negligence/malpractice?
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The failure to do something the reasonable, prudent person would have done.
Acting in a way that causes injury to a patient is called...
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Commission
T/F Malpractice and negligence both refer to acts that result in nonintentional injury to a patient.
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True
What are the six elements required to meet the definition of Malpractice?
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1. A duty is owed to the patient 2. There is a breach of the duty owed 3. There was foreseeability 4. There was causation 5. There was an injury 6. There were damages
How are the standards of care r/t the duty owed to a patient, established?
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By reviewing: -The institutions policies and procedures -the job description -practitioner's education and skills -ANA standards -JCAHO standards -state standards
What is the nurse manager's responsibility r/t standards of care?
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-ensuring that the standards established by a facility are adhered to -educate and train staff regarding new standards of care -ensure new standards are followed
The concept that certain events can/will result in certain results is called...
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Foreseeability-knowing that failure to do something may result in harm
What are common areas concerning foreseeability?
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Medication errors, patient falls, failure to adhere to physician orders
  
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