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Lower Respiratory ProblemsMedical Surgical Nursing

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What are the early manifestations of asbestiosis?
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Dyspnea, basal crackles, and decreased vital capacity
What jobs are high risk for Berylliosis?
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Aircraft manufacturing, metallurgy and those that handle rocket fuels
________ is an environmental lung disease characterized by the formation of noncaseating granulomas.
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Berylliosis
Cotton, flax and hemp dust from working in the textile industry can lead to ___________, characterized by severe airway obstruction and decreased elastic recoil from contraction of smooth muscles of the lungs.
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Byssinosis
T/F Farmer's lung is caused by hay and can have an acute onset or chronic onset.
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True-chronic onset is the one that develops pulmonary fibrosis
What environmental lung disease results in acute hemorrhagic fever which leads to severe pulmonary and cardiovascular collapse, and then death?
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Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS)
________ is an environmental lung disease caused by exposure to dust present in quartz rock that is stirred when mining for gold, copper, tin, coal or lead.
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Silicosis
T/F Pottery making is a risk factor for Byssinosis.
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False, it is a risk factor for Silicosis
________ is an environmental lung disease which results in severe disability from lung fibrosis within 5 years.
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Silicosis
Nitrogen oxides from fermentation of vegetation causes a form of chemical pneumonitis called....
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Silo filler's disease (the vegetation is usually in a freshly filled silo)
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T/F Despite the recent rise in lung cancer incidence in women, breast cancer is still the number one cancer killer.
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False, lung cancer has risen to the top. Smoking has caused a 600% increase since 1950
What is the peak incidence (age) for lung cancer?
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55-65 years of age
T/F A woman is more likely to develop lung cancer than a man, even if she has a lifetime smoking rate that less.
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True
T/F Men with lung cancer have a worse prognosis than women.
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True
T/F Men are more likely to develop small cell carcinoma than women, causing their prognosis to be worse than for women.
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False, their prognosis is worse, but women are more likely to develop small cell carcinoma
Who has a higher risk of developing lung cancer? A 45 year old man who smokes pipes, or a 45 year old man who smokes cigars?
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The cigar smoker
Which industries expose employees to chemicals or substances that increase their risks for developing lung cancer?
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Mining, smelting, chemical or petroleum manufacturing
Which ethnic group has the highest rate of lung cancer among men?
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African Americans
Which ethinic groups have the lowest incidence rates of lung cancer among men and women?
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Asian Americans and Hispanics
Which ethnic group has the highest rate of lung cancer among women?
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Caucasian
What is the smallest sized lung cancer lesion that is detectable by Xray?
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1 centimeter
  
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