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Lower Respiratory ProblemsMedical Surgical Nursing

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Which form of lung cancer is almost always associated with cigarette smoking?
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Squamous cell carcinoma
T/F Squamous cell carcinoma is more common in men, usually occurs from epithelium of the bronchial tubes and doesn't have a strong tendency to metastasize.
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True
How is squamous cell lung cancer typically treated?
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Surgical resection, better life expectancy than for those who have small cell cancer
What is the least common form of NSCLS?
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Large cell carcinoma
_________ is a form of lung cancer that is composed of anaplastic cells that arise in the bronchi and commonly causes cavitation. It is highly metastatic via the lymphatics and blood and commonly occurs in peripheral lung locations.
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Large cell carcinoma
What is the most malignant form of lung cancer?
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Small cell
A tumor that is less than 3 cm with no lymph node involvement is a Stage...
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I-A
A tumor that is 4 cm and invading surrounding local areas, BUT has no lymph node involvement is a stage...
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Stage I-B
A lung tumor with invasion of the lymph on the same side as the tumor, and is less than 3 cm is a stage...
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Stage II-A
A tumor that is 4 cm and involves the bronchus, tissue from local organs and lymph nodes on the same side of the chest is a stage...
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II-B
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A lung tumor that has spread to nearby structures (chest wall, pleura, pericardium) and involves regional lymph node is a stage...
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III-A
A lung tumor that involves the lungs, heart, trachea, espohagus, mediastinum, contralateral lymph nodes, scalene lymph nodes or supraclavicular lymph nodes and causes malignant pleural effusion is Stage...
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Stage III-B
A woman in the hallway is talking on her cell phone. You overhear her say that her father has Stage IV lung cancer. You know this means...
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That the tumor has metastasized to distant areas of the body
__________, involving removal of one entire lung is sometimes a treatment for lung cancer.
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Pneumonectomy
A patient's ________________ status must be ascertained prior to a lung surgery to remove cancer.
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cardiopulmonary
_____________ radiation administered twice daily, has been shown to improve response and survival rates in people with Small Cell Lung Cancer (SCLC).
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Hyperfractionated
What chemotherapy medications are used to treat people with lung cancer?
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Etoposide (VePesid), Carboplatin (Paraplatin), Cisplatin (Platinol), Paclitaxel (Taxol), Vinorelbine (Navelbine), Cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan), Topotecan (Hycamtin) and Irinotecan (Camptosar).
________ is a targeted therapy to treat lung cancer that inhibits the enzyme tyrosine kinase which blocks growth stimulatory signals of cancer cells. It is given to people with locally advanced and metastatic NSCLC.
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Erlotinib (Tarceva)
_______ is a targeted therapy that is available on a limited basis to patients in the US with lung cancer.
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Geftinib (Iressa)
_________ is used as a prophylactic measure for patients with SCLC. It can cause alopecia, fatigue and scalp eythema.
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Cranial Radiation
________ is used as a safe and effective treatment of endobronchial obstructions from tumors.
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Bronchoscopic laser therapy (using the Nd:YAG laser)
  
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