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Basic Renal ConditionsGeneral Quiz

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A patient is diagnosed with urethritis from a monilial infection. What two medications should you anticipate the physician writing orders for?
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Diflucan or Mycostatin
A patient is diagnosed with urethritis from a chlamydial infection. What medication should you anticipate the physician writing orders for?
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Vibramycin
This renal condition is the result of an obstruction and subsequent rupture of the periurethral glands into the urethral lumen and resultant regrowth of tissue over the opening of the cavity. It is more common in women.
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Urethral Diverticula
How is interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome treated?
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Elimination of foods like aged cheeses, nuts, vinegar, curry, hot peppers, citrus, teas, coffees, carbonated soft drinks, and alcohol as well as OTC drugs like Prelief. Elavil or Aventyl can also help. BCG may be instilled into the bladder, or the bladder may be surgically stretched.
A patient who has had TB can develop renal tuberculosis how many years after the initial infection?
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5-7 years
This renal disease is an autoimmune condition characterized by bilateral inflammation of the glomeruli (both kidneys).
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Glomerulonephritis
A patient with Acute Glomerulonephritis is on your floor. You anticipate educating the client about what primary intervention?
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Rest. The patient should rest in order to prevent complications. Additionally, the patient may be treated with reduced sodium/fluids, diuretics, antihypertensives, or protein restrictions.
What dietary changes are necessary if a patient has a markedly elevated BUN?
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Restriction of protein
What renal condition is most common in children and young adults, and develops secondary to an infection of the tonsils, skin or pharynx?
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Acute Streptococcal Glomerulonephritis
Where is a patient bleeding if their urine is smoky in color?
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The upper urinary tract
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This is a Type II autoimmune disease that involves the kidneys and the lungs. It impacts mostly young, male smokers and starts with flu-like symptoms. Pulmonary hemorrhage usually preceeds kidney abnormalities by weeks-months.
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Goodpasture syndrome
What are the major differences between Acute and Chronic Glomerulonephritis?
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Acute Chronic Usually children Usually adults Acute onset Develops over decades Rest is primary treatment Sodium/Water Restriction Smoky urine Hematuria No dietary changes
Which gender is more prone to renal calculi?
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Men
Which gender is more prone to struvite renal calculi?
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Women
What season does the majority of kidney stones develop in?
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Summer (may be linked to dehydration)
What is the difference between lithiasis and calculi?
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Liathiasis refers to renal stone formation, calculi refers to the actual stone
What type of renal stones are the most common, and where do they usually lodge?
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Calcium oxalate-usually lodge in the ureters
What condition is struvite stone formation always associated with?
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UTI
A 23 year old male arrives to the ER with abrupt onset of HTN. He has no family history of HTN. What kidney problem should you suspect?
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Renal Artery Stenosis: causes abrupt HTN in patients under 30 or over 50 with no family hx of HTN
  
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