Campus Collusion
Review Questions for Test Preparation

       
    

  



Acid base imbalancesFundamentals of Nursing

Review Online for Free
Lies about Study Techniques: Believe them at your own risk.
www.NursingInAFlash.com

Page 1
Skip Navigation Links
Question Answer
What are common causes of respiratory acidosis?
Show Answer
atelectasis, pneumonia, cystic fibrosis, respiratory failure, airway obstruction, chest wall injury, drug OD, head injury, obesity
What are common causes of respiratory alkalosis?
Show Answer
asthma, pneumonia, mechanical ventilator, hyperventilation, anxiety, fever, exercise, CNS disorder, aspirin overdose
What are signs and symptoms of respiratory alkalosis?
Show Answer
dizziness, confusion, tachypnea, dysrhythmias, numbness/tingling of extremities
what are common causes of metabolic acidosis?
Show Answer
starvation, diabetic ketoacidosis, renal failure, heavy exercise, drugs, renal tubular acidosis, excess aldosterone
what are signs and symptoms of respiratory acidosis?
Show Answer
dizziness, lethargy, headache, vntricular dysrhythmias, warm and flushed skin, muscle twitching, convulsions/coma
What is the normal range for arterial blood oxygen?
Show Answer
80-100
What are some causes of hypernatremia?
Show Answer
increased sodium intake, wrong IV solution (hypertonic), CHF, water deficit, dehydration
What are some causes of hyperkalemia?
Show Answer
Renal failure, fluid volume deficit, burns/trauma, IV potassium, adrenal insufficiency, acidosis (ketoacidosis), Potassium sparing diuretics **anything that prevents urine from getting out**
What are some causes of hypokalemia?
Show Answer
diuretics, diarrhea/vomiting, alkalosis, excess aldosterone, polyuria, diaphoresis, treatment of diabetic ketoacidosis with insulin
What are signs and symptoms of hyponatremia?
Show Answer
Apprehension, personality change, postural hypotension, dizziness, abdominal cramping, N/V/D, tachycardia, dry mucous membranes, convulsions, coma
Download these questions to your phone here
What are common causes of hyponatremia?
Show Answer
vomiting, diarrhea, oversuctioning, diuretics, kidney disease, burns, diaphoresis, polydipsia, SIADH
What are some commone cause of hypocalcemia?
Show Answer
Rapid administration of blood transfusions containing citrate, hypoalbuminemia, hypoparathyroidism, Vit. D deficiency, pancreatitis, alkalosis, chronic renal failure, alcoholism
What are signs and symptoms of hypocalcemia?
Show Answer
Numbness/tingling around mouth and fingers, hyperactive reflexes, positive Trousseau's sign (foot spasm), positive Chvostek's sign (facial contraction), tetany, muscle cramps, fractures, ventricular tachycardia
What are common causes of hypercalcemia?
Show Answer
Hyperparathyroidism, osteometastasis, Paget's, osteoporosis, acidosis, thiazide diuretics, prolonged immobilization
What are some signs and symptoms of hypercalcemia?
Show Answer
Anorexia, N/V, weakness, hypoactive reflexes, decreased LOC, personality changes, cardiac arrest, increased BUN, increased Creatinine
What are some causes of hypoosmolar water excess?
Show Answer
SIADH, excess water intake
What are signs and symptoms of hypernatremia?
Show Answer
Extreme thrist, dry/flushed skin, dry or sticky tounge/mucous membranes, postural hypotension, fever, agitation, restlessness, irritability, convulsions
What are signs and symptoms of hypokalemia?
Show Answer
Weakness, fatigue, N/V, intestinal distention, decreased bowel sounds, decreased deep tendon reflexes, ventricular dysrhythmias, paresthesis, weak/irregular pulse, **flat T wave**
What are some common causes of isotonic fluid volume deficits?
Show Answer
Dirrhea, vomiting, loss of plasma or whole blood (burns, hemmorhage), diaphoresis, fever, decreased oral intake, confusion, depression, diuretics
What are some causes of hypernatremia?
Show Answer
Excess salt intake, hypertonic solution, excess aldosterone secretion, diabetes insipidus, increased sensible and insensible water loss, water deprivation
  
Page 1 Skip Navigation Links
Not what your looking for, continue searching

    
Skip Navigation Links