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Medication AdminFundamentals of Nursing

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Question Answer
What promotes proper elimination of medications for the average adult?
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Consuming at least 50mL/kg of water a day.
The ____ is the expected or predictable physiological response a medication causes.
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Therapeutic effect
____ develop after prolonged intake of a medication or when a med accumulates in the blood because of impaired metabolism or excretion.
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Toxic effects
What is the difference between side effects and adverse effects?
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Side effects: predictable and often unavoidable; Adverse effects: unintended, undesired, unpredictable severe response
____ reverses the effects of opioid toxicity.
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Narcan
An unpredictable effect in which the client overreacts or underreacts to a medication. A reaction different than the norm?
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Idiosyncratic reaction
When does the highest serum concentration of medication usually occur?
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Just before the body absorbs the last of the medication.
When is a trough blood level usually drawn?
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30 minutes before administration of the next dose
What teaching should a nurse share regarding sublingual medications?
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Don't swallow medication (it won't have the same effect), no drinks until dissolved
What teaching should a nurse give when administering medication via the buccal route?
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Alternate cheeks with each subsequent dose, don't chew or swallow, don't take liquids with it
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_____ commonly get intra osseous injections in emergency situations. The most common site is the ____.
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Infants/Toddlers. Tibia.
What medications are commonly administered via the intraperitoneal route?
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Chemotherapeutic agents, insulin, antibiotics
What medication is typically administered via the intrapleural route?
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Chemotherapeutic agents
____ is when physicians instill medications that help resolves resistant pleural effusion via the intrapleural route.
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Pleurodesis
Intraarterial infusions are common in clients who have?
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Arterial clots
Intraocular medications can remain in place for up to?
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One week
What are the responsibilities of a nurse administering medications?
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Calculating the correct dosage, knowing what is prescribed, therapeutic/non-therapeutic effects, the nursing implications, why the med is needed, monitoring and reporting effects of the drug, and patient supervision and education
A nurse has ____ (how long) to administer a now ordered medication?
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90 minutes
Verbal orders for ____ should never be permitted.
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Antineoplastic agents
What should happen after a verbal drug order has been given?
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It should be written down
What does the signature on a prescription contain?
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Information to be written on the drug label (such as 3 times a day for 10 days
  
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