Campus Collusion
Review Questions for Test Preparation

       
    

  



GI NutritionFundamentals of Nursing

Review Online for Free
Lies about Study Techniques: Believe them at your own risk.
www.NursingInAFlash.com

Page 2
Skip Navigation Links
Question Answer
What is the difference between EN and PN therapy?
Show Answer
EN= GI works and via tube; PN= GI doesn't work or client is in poop physiological state, IV feeding.
Who should receive parenteral nutrition (PN)?
Show Answer
People unable to digest or absorb enteral nutrition, sepsis, head injury, burns
Severely malnourished clients are at risk for ____ from enteral or parenteral nutrition.
Show Answer
Refeeding Syndrome. Cations Potassium, Magnesium, and Phosphate more intracellularly
What should be reported after and enteral feeding?
Show Answer
Amount and type of feeding, response of tube feeding/tolerance, patency of tube, condition of skin if tubes placed in abdominal wall, side effects
What should you do if a client vomits and aspirates formula?
Show Answer
Position client in side lying position, suction airway, notify health care provider, and obtain a chest x-ray
What should be done if a patient develops nausea and vomiting while receiving enteral feedings?
Show Answer
Notify HCP, check tube patency, and aspirate for residual
What should be done for a patient on enteral feedings that develops diarrhea three times in 24 hours?
Show Answer
Notify HCP, confer with dietician, institute skin care measures, change in antibiotics if patient is on them
Finger-stick glucose should be done every ____ hours until max enteral feeding administration rate is reached and maintained for 24 hours.
Show Answer
8 hours
A client receiving enteral feedings should have a new bag and administration set every ____.
Show Answer
24 hours
What should you do if the gastric residual is greater than 200 mL?
Show Answer
hold feeding, notify HCP, maintain patient in elevated bed at least 30?, check residual in one hour
Download these questions to your phone here
What is the daily free water requirement?
Show Answer
30-35mL/kg/day
To check residual: ____ mL of air injected; ____ mL of GVR aspirated; ____ mL of water to flush line.
Show Answer
30 mL of air; 5-10 mL-200 mL; 30 mL of water
A feeding bag used for an enteral feeding should be set to empty in ____ (what length of time) to avoid discomforts like vomiting.
Show Answer
30-60 minutes
Why are aspirated gastric contents (prior to enteral feeding) returned once the residual is measured?
Show Answer
Prevents fluid and electrolyte imbalances
If enteral feedings are conducted, a gastric residual of ____ is an indication of delayed gastric emptying.
Show Answer
200 mL
Prior to administering enteral feedings you should always ____.
Show Answer
Verify tube placement. **aspirate gastric or intestinal (jejunostomy) secretions and check pH
Why are bowel sounds auscultated prior to enteral feedings?
Show Answer
absent bowel sounds indicate decreased ability of GI tract to digest or absorb nutrients.
A patient has coughed/vomited and displaced their nasoenteric tube. What should you do?
Show Answer
Mark at exit site if tube is removed, aspirate GI contents and measure pH, remove tube and insert new one, verify placement, get HCP to order chest x-ray if aspiration is suspected.
A nasoenteric tube has gotten clogged, what should you do?
Show Answer
Aspirate gastric contents to assess patency of tube, irrigate tube, if still clogged: notify HCP and prepare to insert new tube
What should be reported and recorded regarding the insertion of a nasoenteric tube?
Show Answer
Type and size of tube, location of distal tip of tube, client's tolerance, pH, confirmation of placement by x-ray. **report signs and symptoms of aspiration to HCP immediately
When obtaining GI aspirate for pH measurement, you should wait at least ____ after medication is administered.
Show Answer
one hour
  
Page 2 Skip Navigation Links
Not what your looking for, continue searching

    
Skip Navigation Links