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Pulmonary SystemFundamentals of Nursing

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Question Answer
______ sutioning is used when the client is able to cough effectivley but is unable to clear secretions.
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Oropharyngeal or nasopharyngeal
What is the appropriate negative pressure when suctioning?
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120-150 mmHg
Humidification is necessary for clients receiving oxygen therapy at greater than ______.
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4 L/min
Chest physiotherapy is recommended for clients who produce greater than ___ of sputum per day or have atelectasis.
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30 mL
What conditions affect chest wall movement?
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pregnancy, obesity, musculoskeletal abnormalities (kyphosis, scoliosis, pectus excavatum), trauma, increased doses of opiods, neruomuscular disease(myasthenia gravis, Guillain-barre, pdiomyelitis), CNS alterations, chronic disease
Cardipulmonary physiology involved delivery of deoxygenated blood to the ____ side of the heart and the pulmonary circulation. Oxygenated blood goes from the lungs to the ____ side of the heart and tissues.
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Deoxygenated= right side; oxygenated= left side
pH of pleual fluid from tracheobronchial tree is generally ___.
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Greater than 6
The process of moving gases into and out of the lungs?
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Ventilation
____ relates to the ability of the cardiovascular system to pump oxygenated blood to the tissues and return deoxygenated blood to the lungs.
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Perfusion
What can cause a decrease in lung compliance?
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Pulmonary edema, interstitial or pleual fibrosis, kyphosis, fractured rib
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____ is the pressure difference between the mouth and the alveoli in relation to the rate of flow of inspired gas.
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Airway resistance
What structure governs automatic control of respiration; occurs continuously?
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Medulla oblongata
  
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